Vet. Lopez, Ryan
Racism in America
“There is a strange kind of enigma associated with the problem of racism. No one, or almost no one , wishes to see themselves as racist; still, racism persist, real and tenacious”(Albert Memmi, Racism). About fifty years ago, America was a society of segregation and extreme racism, which has been passed down from generation to generation. Racism has been a major problem in our society. Not only that, but American has also shown racist acts though out history by changing policy’s to prevent Asians, Hispanic and Arabs from entering the United States. One of the main reasons why America remains a racist country is because people remain to live around racist condition, without even realizing it. Even though neighborhoods are being improved of race and color, people remain segregated and are treated unequal due to low income, ethnicity and crime rate. Although it is arguable that racism has changed, it still exists in America today. Eduardo Bonilla Silva, a sociology professor at Duke University, who believes that racism is a structural problem, rather than a problem of internalized belief. Bonilla Silva point out that we live in a new racism, and that after the Jim Crow period we still see racial acts against minority’s in America and nothing has change. Till this day we still see our society being segregated by andesite, income earnings and crime rate. According to Bonilla Silva, “In 2000, national black isolation was 65 percent. It remained 80 percent higher in Detroit, Newark, and Chicago. Due to higher white flight of families with children to segregated suburbs, children are the most segregated by neighborhood” (The New Racism p48). This separation within certain residential areas correlates to the continuance of metropolitan destitution in America. The existence of racially segregated housing communities has maintained society from achieving true racial equality. Despite the Fair Housing Act of 1968, segregation is perpetuated today through an interlocking set of individual action, institutional practices, and government policies also known as institutional racism. In the article how racism lives on in a “color blind” society, report “a study of 100 largest U.S metropolitan areas found that living in a predominantly Africana American area was a powerful predictor of foreclosures.” The cause of this household crisis is that many African Americans took out loans that they couldn’t afford just to give their families a better environment to live in, but it was hard for them to settle in due to racial racism and segregation. Also, employment in the nation has always discriminated and stereotyped against the minority groups, leaving them to have unsuccessful and low paying jobs. For example, in Bonilla Silva New Racism the Racial Regime of Post-Civil War Rights America report that, in “the 2000 U.S. Census show whites are still more likely than black to be employed in managerial and professional occupations, 35.43 percent of white males and 40.64 percent of white females compare to 21.65 percent black males and 31 percent of black females” (pg54). Despite the decline of blacks in managerial and professional jobs, many of them are performing the jobs, but are earning less compared to a white person who works on doing the same thing. Also, Bald and McBrier asserts that, “Increased minority presence result in a negative effect on blacks. They suggest a group threat process maybe at work where white managers attempt to protect white workers in face of increasing minority presence” (New Racism, pg57). Leaving black men with no other option, but to turn to committing crimes to have a source of income coming in. Not only for them, but to feed and provide for their family as well. Reason being why most of the minority groups live in urban areas where crimes are higher and are more likely to be targeted by racial profiling made by the police....
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