Racism has existed throughout human history. It may be defined as the hatred of one person by another or the belief that another person is less than human because of skin color, language, customs, and place of birth or any factor that supposedly reveals the basic nature of that person. It has influenced wars, slavery, the formation of nations, and legal codes.
Racism is the belief that there are human groups with particular those usually physical characteristics that make them superior or inferior to others. Racist behavior can be not just overt, such as treating some people according to their race or color, but also covert, when society systematically treats groups according to some form of discriminating judgments.
There are many types of racism which are discrimination, institutional discrimination, prejudice, race and stereotypes.
Types of Racism
Discrimination is an action that treats people unfairly because of their membership in a particular social group. Discriminatory behaviors take many forms, but they all involve some form of exclusion or rejection.
Examples of discrimination:
a) Harassment – inappropriate jokes, insults, name-calling or displays such as a poster or cartoons directed at a person because of their race, color, sex or gender, sexual orientation, etc.
• Ms. D, a study permit holder, moved out of her home stay because of the harassing behavior of her host father. He would stare at her body or make comments about her appearance, and entered her room without her permission and hugged her “to express his fondness,” which she could not stand. The home stay agency has not taken any action after receiving her complaint of sexual harassment.
b) Wage discrimination – An example would be when an employer offers a lower wage for a woman doing similar work as a man or offers a lower wage to new immigrant having similar experience and skills as a non-immigrant.
c) Discrimination in hiring –