Shocking disparities in population wellness and health in the United States of America have led to multidisciplinary study efforts to help build health equity. Identifying disparities, clarifying the etiological bases of disparities as well as adopting solutions to get rid of health disparities are part of the United States national health program. Ethnic and racial disparities have been acknowledged throughout the cancer prevention continuum in cardiovascular diseases, diabetes as well as other diseases. The causes of these ethnic and racial disparities are multifaceted, condition specific as well as assumed to result from combinations of socio-behavioral and biological factors. Ethnic and racial health disparities in the immense imprisoned communities have been barred from studies, yet are of significant fiscal and ethical concerns to prisoners, governing bodies as well as non-imprisoned communities into which the prisoners return.
Considerably research on ethnic and racial disparities in this distinctive population may help explain the comparative etiologies of health disparities as well as the solutions for developing health equity throughout the entire American population. This study particularly focuses on African Americans who are disproportionately affected by the penal system. Even though prisoners generally suffer from poor health than similar, non-institutionalized adults, it has also been noted that some of the negative effects arise after inmates are released. This clearly shows that the challenges of reintegration into the society are as significant as the conditions of imprisonment. Imprisonment- health relationship is reviewed at an individual as well as at an aggregate level.
Keywords: Health, Incarceration, Racial, Ethnic Disparities, Infectious Disease and Stigma