quiz 4 study guide

Topics: Behavior, Psychology, Behaviorism Pages: 20 (3779 words) Published: July 14, 2014
1.A broad view of Skinner’s view of the nature of people is that: a.Children change because people love them
b.Children change because of their experiences
c.Children change because they can identify their emotions
d.Children change because their self-talk is modified

2.Reductionism refers to:
a.telescoping actions to the smallest, final source
b.telescoping people to their evolutionary continuity
c.telescoping people to their primary emotions
d.telescoping people to their automatic thoughts

3.Behavioral counseling is an:
a.Dream interpretive therapy
b.Script analysis therapy
c.Active, directive therapy
d.Evolutionary interpretive therapy

4.In behavioral therapy knowing the origins of psychological problems is: a.Dependent on the DSM description
b.Necessary for second order change
c.Not necessary for change
d.Creates motivation for change

5.Currently behavioral counseling uses:
a.Only covert processes
b.Only overt behaviors
c.Neither covert processes or overt behaviors
d.Both covert process and overt behaviors

6.A behavioral chain is:
a.the arrangement of individual responses in a particular sequence b.the arrangement of a group of individuals working toward a specific goal c.the arrangement of a classroom by ability level
d.the arrangement of contingencies in a special order

7.Shaping involves children:
a.Learning a way to mold different types of media
b.Learning a behavior by approximations of it***
c.Learning how to influence others
d.Learning components of communication

8.One focus of behavioral counseling is to:
a.Learn to increase excesses
b.Learn to increase deficits
c.Learn to decrease excesses
d.Learn to live with deficits

9.Which of the following is a tenet of behavioral theory?
a.people are innately good
b.human behavior is a product of unconscious drives
c.the child of our past is still contained within us
d.people are products of their environment

10.According to Skinner, individuals choose behaviors based on which of the following? a.emotions
c.pleasure principle
d.anticipated consequences

11.In behavioral counseling the counselor's role is to help clients achieve goals through which of the following? a.insight principles
b.reinforcement principles
c.psychodynamic principles
d.natural principles

12.According to Maslow, a hierarchy of human needs exists. How does Maslow rank these starting with the most basic (lower level needs)? a.self-esteem, self-fulfillment, social, security, physiological b.security, physiological, social, self-esteem, self-fulfillment c.self-fulfillment, social, self-esteem, physiological, security d.physiological, security, social, self-esteem, self-fulfillment

13.Behavior consists of three phases. Which of the following is the correct order of these phases? a.behavior, antecedent, consequence
b.antecedent, behavior, consequence
c.consequence, behavior, antecedent
d.antecedent, consequence, behavior

14.Behavior analysis involves four steps. Which of the answers listed below best describes the sequence of the four steps? a.identify the problem category, identify problem type, determine cause, select a problem solution b.identify who is responsible, why they are acting irresponsibly, punish responsibly, punish again if necessary c.identify who is responsible, identify the person's irrational beliefs, substitute rational believes, reeducate d.identify why the problem exists, how long it has occurred, provide insight, reorient and reeducate

15.Skinner describes the nature of people as a belief that: a.people are influenced and changed by things that happen to them. b.that the child in our past serves a useful purpose in explaining present behavior . c.people are essentially neutral at birth with equal potential for rationality or irrationality. d.both A and C...
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