A broad view of Skinner’s view of the nature of people is that: a.
Children change because people love them
Children change because of their experiences
Children change because they can identify their emotions
Children change because their self-talk is modified
Reductionism refers to:
telescoping actions to the smallest, final source
telescoping people to their evolutionary continuity
telescoping people to their primary emotions
telescoping people to their automatic thoughts
Behavioral counseling is an:
Dream interpretive therapy
Script analysis therapy
Active, directive therapy
Evolutionary interpretive therapy
In behavioral therapy knowing the origins of psychological problems is: a.
Dependent on the DSM description
Necessary for second order change
Not necessary for change
Creates motivation for change
Currently behavioral counseling uses:
Only covert processes
Only overt behaviors
Neither covert processes or overt behaviors
Both covert process and overt behaviors
A behavioral chain is:
the arrangement of individual responses in a particular sequence b.
the arrangement of a group of individuals working toward a specific goal c.
the arrangement of a classroom by ability level
the arrangement of contingencies in a special order
Shaping involves children:
Learning a way to mold different types of media
Learning a behavior by approximations of it***
Learning how to influence others
Learning components of communication
One focus of behavioral counseling is to:
Learn to increase excesses
Learn to increase deficits
Learn to decrease excesses
Learn to live with deficits
Which of the following is a tenet of behavioral theory?
people are innately good
human behavior is a product of unconscious drives
the child of our past is still contained within us
people are products of their environment
According to Skinner, individuals choose behaviors based on which of the following? a.
In behavioral counseling the counselor's role is to help clients achieve goals through which of the following? a.
According to Maslow, a hierarchy of human needs exists. How does Maslow rank these starting with the most basic (lower level needs)? a.
self-esteem, self-fulfillment, social, security, physiological b.
security, physiological, social, self-esteem, self-fulfillment c.
self-fulfillment, social, self-esteem, physiological, security d.
physiological, security, social, self-esteem, self-fulfillment
Behavior consists of three phases. Which of the following is the correct order of these phases? a.
behavior, antecedent, consequence
antecedent, behavior, consequence
consequence, behavior, antecedent
antecedent, consequence, behavior
Behavior analysis involves four steps. Which of the answers listed below best describes the sequence of the four steps? a.
identify the problem category, identify problem type, determine cause, select a problem solution b.
identify who is responsible, why they are acting irresponsibly, punish responsibly, punish again if necessary c.
identify who is responsible, identify the person's irrational beliefs, substitute rational believes, reeducate d.
identify why the problem exists, how long it has occurred, provide insight, reorient and reeducate
Skinner describes the nature of people as a belief that: a.
people are influenced and changed by things that happen to them. b.
that the child in our past serves a useful purpose in explaining present behavior . c.
people are essentially neutral at birth with equal potential for rationality or irrationality. d.
both A and C...
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