Towns: Chapter I
What does “prolegomena” mean?
➢ Things that are said before
➢ The introduction to the study of theology
➢ Pro: to go before
➢ Lego: to say or speak
What are the three presuppositions of prolegomena?
➢ 1. There is a God
➢ 2. Truth exists
➢ 3. Person can know the truth
What is the contemporary usage of the word “theology?”
➢ Strong writes, Theology is the science of God and the relations between God and the universe ➢ Fitzwater – Theology, therefore, is the science of God’s essential being and His relationship the the universe as set forth in the Holy Sciptures. ➢ The science of religion
➢ The doctrines of the church
What is catechism?
➢ Answers become catalogued
➢ Answere is memorized rather than analyzed
What are five presuppositions for the task of theologizing?
➢ 1. There is a God, He exist, and He has revealed Himself ➢ 2. There are laws that are self-evident (law of gravity) ➢ 3. Man has the ability to know things to the degree to which he observes them ➢ 4. Truth is consistant, doesn't contradict itself, corresponds to the world ➢ 5. The mind accepts that which is logical and rejects that which is illogical
What are the tests used to verify theological truths? Explain. Pg 11 ➢ 1. Consistency: It must be consistent and true.
➢ 2. Correspondence: Does it correspond with reality or life? ➢ 3. Priority of data: What is essential and what is irrelevant? ➢ 4. Cohesiveness: Determine the cohesive nature of data. The center and key of Christianity is Jesus Christ, without Him Christianity doesn't exist. ➢ 5. Thoroughness: a thorough examination of any and all questions related to the topic.
What is the aim of Biblical theology? Pg 13
➢ To arrange and calssify the facts of revelation, confining itself to the scriptures for its material, and treating of doctrine only so far as it was developed at the close of the apostolic age.
Where does Biblical theology get its material?
➢ 1. languages the Bible was written in
➢ 2. textual criticism to determine the best biblical text ➢ 3. literary criticism to determine its date, authorship, matter of composition, historical and sociological background by which the Bible is interpreted ➢ 4. problems of canon (makeup of the bible)
➢ 5. principles of exegesis by which the Bible is to be interpreted
What does historical theology study?
➢ What man has thought about God throughout the centuries. ➢ man's expression of his faith by each generation in different sociological and church settings (ecclesiastical)
What does dogmatic theology study?
➢ Study of creeds
➢ study of beliefs held by other groups throughout history
What is philosophical theology?
➢ Collecting, scientifically arranging, comparing, exhibiting, and defending of all data including logic, experience, reason, and facts from the natural world.
What is contemporary theology?
➢ What to people believe today
➢ study of the men, movements, institutions, and trends found in the current theological world.
What is systematic theology?
➢ Collecting and gathering all data/facts from ever source concerning God and His world. ➢ Collecting, scientifically arranging, comparing, exhibiting and defending of all facts from any and every source concerning God and His works ➢ Put them in logical order
➢ Test them
What does practical theology seek to do?
➢ reats the application of theology in the regeneration, sanctification, edification, education and service of men. ➢ It seeks to apply to practical life the things contributed by the other three departments of theology
What is the theology of Scriptures called?
What are the six uses for reason?
➢ 1. To recognize and receive truth
➢ 2. To interpret truth
➢ 3. To accept and confirm the evidence that supports truth ➢ 4. To correlate truth with other truth
➢ 5. To apply truth
➢ 6. To defend truth
What are the four tools for accurately arranging a systematic theology? ➢ 1. Inspired Revelation: The source of authority and direction of our life and ministry is found in the Scriptures. ➢ 2. Faith:
➢ 3. Language: Working knowledge of biblical languages. ➢ 4. History: Understanding history and particularly the history of Christendom. Learn from history to accept good theology and be aware and avoid bad theology ➢ page 19-21
What four questions must we ask about faith?
➢ 1. Is the present-day Christian faith in harmony with, and growing out of, that continuous faith of Christians found in the New Testament? ➢ 2. Is your concept of faith available to all individuals? ➢ 3. Is private faith based on objective faith?
➢ 4. Are the symbols of one's faith meaningful?
What six factors can limit our theology?
➢ . Human Understanding
➢ 2. Language
➢ 3. Ignorance of Scripture
➢ 4. Silence of God
➢ 5. Nature of Science
➢ 6. Spiritual blindness
Towns: Chapter II
What is revelation?
➢ An act whereby He gives knowledge of Himself which man could not otherwise know.
What is inspiration?
➢ The supernatural guidance of the writers of Scripture by the Spirit of God whereby they wrote the divine Word of God, transcribed accurately and reliably
What is inerrancy?
➢ Recognizes that what God revealed and inspired is accurate, reliable, authoritative and without error
What is the canon?
➢ The standard by which the 66 books in the Bible and their content were determined and the basis upon which they were included in Scripture.
What is hermeneutics?
➢ The science of biblical interpretation
What is illumination?
➢ The work of the Holy Spirit in helping the believer understand and apply the spiritual meaning of the Scriptures.
What is the primary motivation of revelation?
➢ The Bible reveals the Lord God Almighty who ultimately was made flesh in the incarnation and lived with us.
What does Hebrews 1:1–2 teach about divine revelation?
➢ Divine revelation is progressive
What are the two areas of revelation? Pg 34
➢ 1. General (Natural) Revelation
➢ 2. Special Revelation
What is reason?
➢ The intellectual and moral faculties of man as exercised in the pursuit of truth apart from supernatural aid.
What does the cosmological argument state?
➢ Nature reveals God's power and Godhead
Upon what three things is the cosmological argument dependent? ➢ 1. Every effect must have a cause.
➢ 2. The effect is dependent upon its cause for its existence. ➢ 3. Nature cannot produce itself.
What does the teleological argument state?
➢ Design in the universe reveals a designer
What does the anthropological argument state?
➢ Human nature reveals a personal God.
What does the anthropological argument reason?
➢ 1. Man's intellectual and moral nature must have had for its author an intellectual and moral being ➢ 2. Man's moral nature proves the existence of a holy Lawgiver and Judge. ➢ 3. Man's emotional and voluntary nature proves the existence of a Being who can furnish in himself a satisfying object of human affection and an end which will call forth man's highest activities and ensure his highest progress. ➢ The higher parts of the human nature could never have come from non-intelligent matter.
What does the ontological argument state?
➢ Our thoughts of God imply the existence of God
What does congruity mean?
➢ greement, harmony, correspondence.
What does the existence of laws imply?
➢ The existence of a Lawgiver
Of what do laws in society give evidence?
➢ God has made man a social creature and placed within man a desire for law and order