50 multiple-choice questions, 2 points each. Questions are from the text. Choose the best answer
1. Know and be able to differentiate between all these definitions: argumentation, argument, advocacy, power, public discourse, pluralistic culture, values, rule of reason, and procedures. Argumentation: the cooperative activity of developing and advancing arguments and of responding to the arguments of others. Argument: a claim advanced with a reason or reasons in its support. Advocacy: the activity of producing or opposing an idea in public settings. “ex: a recycling should be mandatory” power: plays in democratic decision-making process; the capacity to wield influence, to shape important decisions that affect the lives of others. Public discourse: open discussion of those issues that potentially affect everyone, power also need not to have the last word. Pluralistic culture: a society composed of groups who see the world from different perspectives, value different activities, hold disparate religious beliefs, and aspire to different goals. Values: deeply held a moral commitments acquired from family, cultural background, religious training, and personal experience. “ex: values for privacy, free speech and so on. Rule of reason: the agreement to engage in the cooperative process of argumentation rather than to resolve disagreement by other means. Procedures: the rules or guidelines according to which argumentation will take place.
2. Be able to identify the forms or methods of expression people can use to present arguments.
3. Know the three things that arguments do. 1. We develop arguments when we want to persuade. 2. We develop arguments to justify our positions on issues, learn new things. 3. We use arguments as a means of inquiry.* not just logic but our beliefs, values and commitments.
4. Know the basic agreements that need to be in place for argumentation: The rule of reason, the agreement to engage