***Quiz 1****
Question 1 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points

The search for the correct result essential to criminal procedure in a constitutional democracy means to: I. convict the guilty. II. plea bargain in weak cases. III. search for truth at any cost. IV. acquit the innocent. A. I, II, III, IV

B. b. I, II, III

C. c. I

D. d. I, IV

Answer Key: D
Question 2 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points

The trend today in balancing results and means in criminal justice: A. a. continues to be strongly in favor of individual rights by emphasizing process (means).
B. b. has shifted away from process to results.

C. c. is impossible to determine because the Supreme Court has not made it clear.
D. d. is equally poised between process (means) and results.

Answer Key: B
Question 3 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points

A brief description of the steps and judgments made by each court that has heard a case is called: A. a. the courts' judgments

B. b. the courts' decisions

C. c. the courts' opinions

D. d. the procedural history of the case

Answer Key: D
Question 4 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points

How a court disposes of a case is called:
A. a. the court's judgment

B. b. the court's opinion

C. c. the majority opinion

D. d. the case holding

Answer Key: A
Question 5 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points

Courts explain why they decided a particular case the way it did in: A. a. the judgment.

B. b. the opinion.

C. c. the decision.

D. d. facts.

Answer Key: B
Question 6 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points

In the U.S. Supreme Court, certiorari: I. is discretionary. II. does not require the court to hear the appeal. III. is usually granted because a case raises an important constitutional issue affecting large numbers of individuals. IV. is usually granted to prevent punishment of the innocent A. a. III

B. b. I, II

C. c. I, II, III

D. d. I, II, III, IV

Answer Key: C
Question 7 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points

An appellate court ____ a trial court's judgment when it sets it aside. A. a. reverses

B. b. affirms

C. c. remands

D. d. questions

Answer Key: A
Question 8 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points

According to the Supreme Court in Powell v. Alabama, the famous "Scottsboro Case" of 1932 involving several black youths accused of raping two white girls on a train,: A. a. the entire Bill of Rights applies to state criminal procedure.

B. b. the due process clause requires states to follow all of the federal government's rules of criminal procedure.
C. c. all criminal defendants are entitled to a lawyer in every criminal case free of charge.
D. d. in the severe circumstances of this case -- young, ignorant, illiterate defendants facing the death penalty in a hostile environment far from their family and friends -- the state was required under the federal Constitution to provide counsel for the defendants.

Answer Key: D
Question 9 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points

Both the fundamental fairness and incorporation doctrines promote similar interests. Nonetheless, they differ in several respects. These differences include: I. they define due process differently. II. the extent and specificity to which they require uniform treatment by the states. III. incorporation doctrine promotes process interests in controlling government while fundamental fairness does not. IV. the fundamental fairness doctrine derives its meaning independent of the Bill of Rights while incorporation does not. A. a. I

B. b. II, III

C. c. I, II, IV

D. d. I, II, III, IV

Answer Key: C
Question 10 of 20 5.0/ 5.0 Points

Although he concurred with the result in Rochin v. California, Justice Black disagreed with the majority's approach to deciding what constitutes due process because: A. a. he felt that the conviction should have stood.

B. b. he felt the majority's approach gave individual justices too much leeway to enforce...
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