top-rated free essay

Questions On The Enlightenment

By idadahls Apr 13, 2015 802 Words
Questions on the enlightenment
1. During the age of 1783.
2. The related it to “freedom of speech, liberty of the press and freedom of religious beliefs.” 3. “The Enlightenment is a man’s emergence from his self-imposed immaturity”. 4. The king of France, Louis XIV.

5. Absolutism can be described as a powerful term, which can be characterized European states. 6. The main focus was of the criticism from writers, scientists and philosophers. They strived for freedom of speech and tolerance. 7. Isaac Newton was a man who was born in 1642. He was a scientist and he had a lot of theories. 8. René Descartes was a French philosopher and mathematician and was also as Isaac, working with theories. He was born 1596. 9. Deism is the belief that god took a step back after he created the world. He took a step back not to intervene, compromised the people who claimed to be enlightened. 10. He was a philosopher and analyzed the origin of knowledge and the best ways of governing a society. He claimed that all knowledge comes from experience. 11. The most important idea of the enlightenment was the belief in human reason. It was argued that every human being was able to think for themselves. Newton and Locke became tremendously influential because of their view that reason and science could be used to established the both the laws of nature and the laws of science. 12. Many people considered that lower classes couldn’t be a part of the enlightenment. But at the bottom line everyone could be a part of the enlightenment. 13. They had coffehouses and newspaper. The coffehouses were an important meeting point for intellectual interchange. There were a lot of bookshops, libraries and book clubs. 14. Daniel Defoe wrote the novel Robinson Crusoe which made him world famous. Robinson was on his way from Brazil to Africa to trade slaves. His ship sinks on his journey and he was the only one who survived on a desert island. He lives alone in 28 years before he gets rescued. The last year on the island he saves a native called Friday from being eaten by cannibals. Friday becomes Robinson’s loyal servant that last year. The story is completely in line with the enlightenment. 15. Jonathan Swift’s most famous writings is “Gulliver’s travels” and “A modest proposal”. A modest proposal was written in the 1800 century and it is about a satirical article written about how to solve the hunger problem in Ireland. Jonathan´s solution is that the poor people could sell their children to the rich people to get a better economy. He meant that the children was delicacies for the humans. Many people in the world took this article very serious, but Jonathan thought that the article was ironically written. Gulliver’s travels is about Gulliver who is a doctor and captain, he travels to the countries Lilliput, Brobdingnag, Laputa and the country of the Houyhnhnms. Gulliver is named as a giant. During the hard famine in Irland he wanted people to take it very seriously. When he visit the countries he notices the big difference between the people. Discussions about politics and how people are reacting on things. When he is visiting the Houyhnhnms he gets stuck and he finds out that the horses there are very smart and the people are used as wild cattle’s. One day Gulliver are on his way home and meet his family, he realizes that he rather be hanging with the horses. 16. The satire is an expression you can use when you want to mock someone/something, in a nice way. Swift´s satires were used for the Irish people. It should be taken with irony. 17. The Encyclopedia is a dictionary contained 28 books. It is a summary of the conception that described the world from a scientific perspective. Everything was were based science, reason and technique. 18. His most famous writing is Candide and it is about a young man who was raised by a baron. One day he was kicked out of the castle because he was kissing the baron´s daughter. A philosopher, talks about “the best of all possible worlds”. Candide´s point of view of the world does change and the society has a dark and negative view of the world. 19. He was a Swiss-French writer focused on political philosophy. He was critical and wanted people to go back to nature. He meant that the people with ownership has a source of evil. He wrote the novel Emile, or on Education and he wrote about how he thought that you should raise children. To let them make mistakes and learn from that. He meant that they should go out and explore the world from their own eyes.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Enlightenment

    ...Enlightenment The Age of Enlightenment was an astonishing movement of philosophers in the 18th century who shared and opposed each other’s ideas, reasons, questions, and concerns about several different beliefs such as religious tolerance, deism (God), government, society, and knowledge. The goal of all Enlightenment thinkers was social refo...

    Read More
  • Enlightenment

    ...UNIT 5 FROM THE COLONIAL TO THE FEDERAL: THE CONTEXTS OF THE AMERICAN ENLIGHTENMENT Objectives Introduction: The material basis of the American Enlightenment The Enlightenment in America. Slavery and the Enlightenment. The American Woman of the Eighteenth Century Let Us Sum Up Questions Suggested Readings 5.0 OBJECTIVES The aim of th...

    Read More
  • The Enlightenment

    ...of the belief that studying the world was a form of piety and constituted an admiration of God’s work. The enlightenment took a major role in the development and construction of modern Europe. During the enlightenment, many inventions were created, new philosophical ideas were being discussed in massive forums by massive crowds, and ...

    Read More
  • The Enlightenment

    ...The Enlightenment 1650-1800 Was a sprawling intellectual, philosophical, cultural and social movement that spread through the majority of Europe throughout the 1700’s. Influenced by the Scientific Revolution, which begun in 1500’s Transformed the Western world into an intelligent and self-aware civilization The effects of Enlightenm...

    Read More
  • The Enlightenment

    ... World Literature The Enlightenment’s Impact on the Modern World The Enlightenment, Age of Reason, began in the late 17th and 18th century. This was a period in Europe and America when mankind was emerging from centuries of ignorance into a new age enlightened by reason, science, and respect for humanity. This period promoted scientific ...

    Read More
  • The Enlightenment

    ...Nick Robinson Mr. Wakefield Eng 100 7-9 8 December 2014 Change is a Step Forward The Enlightenment, also known as the Age of Reason, is the name given to the period in Europe and America during the 1700s when mankind was emerging from centuries of ignorance into a new age enlightened by reason, science, and respect for humanity (Age of Reaso...

    Read More
  • Document Based Question on Enlightenment

    ...Enlightenment affected the world politically and the worlds social systems so strongly that it deserves to be considered one of the top three important "turning points" in all of world history. Enlightenment brought positive influences to society in the late 1700's. Enlightenment has affected the social systems in the branches of justice, moder...

    Read More
  • Enlightenment

    ...In the later years of the Enlightenment, absolute monarchs in several European countries adopted some of the ideas of Enlightenment political philosophers. However, although some changes and reforms were implemented, most of these rulers did not essentially alter absolutist rule. In Russia, Empress Catherine the Great, a subscriber to the i...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.