queen victoria

Topics: British Empire, Victoria of the United Kingdom, Monarchy of the United Kingdom Pages: 4 (1368 words) Published: November 25, 2013
Identify your topic: Queen Victoria
Political/ social context:
Victoria turned 18 on 24 May 1837. On 20 June 1837, William IV died at the age of 71, and Victoria became Queen of the United Kingdom. Her coronation took place on 28 June 1838, and she became the first sovereign to take up residence at Buckingham Palace. The reform of government allowed England to avoid the politically wrong conditions sweeping across Europe in the mid-nineteenth century. The continent experienced the growing pains of conservatism, liberalism and socialism, and the nationalistic struggle for political unification. England focused on developing industry and trade and expanding its imperial reach; during the reign of Victoria, the empire doubled in size, encompassing Canada, Australia, India and various locales in Africa and the South Pacific. Her reign was almost free of war, with an Irish uprising (1848), the Boer War. During Victoria's long reign, direct political power moved away from the sovereign. A series of Acts broadened the social and economic base of the electorate. These acts included the Second Reform Act of 1867; the introduction of the secret ballot in 1872, which made it impossible to pressurise voters by bribery or intimidation; and the Representation of the Peoples Act of 1884 - all householders and lodgers in accommodation worth at least £10 a year.

Key events or developments
Her reign of 63 years and seven months, which is longer than that of any other British monarch and the longest of any female monarch in history, is known as the Victorian era. It was a period of industrial, cultural, political, scientific, and military change within the United Kingdom, and was marked by a great expansion of the British Empire. Albert and Victoria felt mutual affection and the Queen proposed to him on 15 October 1839, just five days after he had arrived at Windsor. They were married on 10 February 1840, in the Chapel Royal of St. James's Palace, London. In 1845,...
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