Queen Elizabeth I Research Paper

Topics: Henry VIII of England, Elizabeth I of England, Mary I of England Pages: 7 (1742 words) Published: November 23, 2014
Allison Benedetti
Dr. Bridges
Geography (Smith)

Queen Elizabeth I
Queen Elizabeth I, also known as “The Virgin Queen,” was one of the most famous monarchs of all time and her reign was called The Golden Age. Born Elizabeth Tudor, September 7, 1533 in Greenwich, England to King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. Her birth was quite a disappointment to the king because he was hoping for a male heir.1 At the time, King Henry VIII was still married to Queen Katherine of Aragon and wanted a divorce from her so that he could marry Elizabeth’s mother Anne Boleyn. It was not too long before King Henry VIII rectified this by going before the Pope and requesting an annulment from Queen Katherine. It was at that time, Elizabeth’s half-sister Mary, the daughter of King Henry VIII and Queen Katherine of Aragon, was named illegitimate. Elizabeth’s mother, Queen Anne, was unable to provide a son to the king and was executed for supposed adultery, when Elizabeth was only two years old. Shortly after her mother’s death, Elizabeth was declared illegitimate and her place in the line of succession was taken away, her reputation was tarnished because of her mother’s speculated infidelity and other scandalous matters. After her mother’s death, Elizabeth had many stepmothers throughout her childhood, Jane Seymour died giving birth to the King’s only son, Prince Edward; Anne of Cleves whom King Henry VII divorced; Catherine Howard was beheaded; and finally Katherine Parr, who was the only wife of King Henry VII to outlive him. It was King Henry’s sixth wife, Katherine Parr, who had the greatest impact on Elizabeth’s life. As a child, Elizabeth had a very extensive education and was taught by famous scholars, like, William Grindel and Roger Ascham.2 She was exceptional in languages and by the time she became an adult, she was fluent in five different languages. Elizabeth went on to study Theology and began supporting Protestantism, although she was never openly passionate about religion, recognizing its division in English politics. Some people viewed Elizabeth as being too serious who always carried a book with her and she encouraged this by wearing extremely modest dresses. After her father’s death in 1547, her brother Edward was named king, but only for a short time because he died July 6, 1553. Elizabeth’s half-sister, Mary, who took King Edwards place on the throne, was a dedicated Roman Catholic and wanted to convert England back to her faith. Queen Mary was a very strict ruler and was soon coined with nickname Bloody Mary because of the almost three hundred executions of Protestants she had carried out. After the Wyatt Rebellion of 1554, Queen Mary accused Elizabeth of conspiracy against her and held Elizabeth captive in the Tower for two months. Elizabeth was then taken to Woodstock Manor in Oxfordshire, where she was kept prisoner for a year. It was Mary’s husband, Philip of Spain, who talked Mary into allowing Elizabeth to return to her childhood home of Hatfield in Hertfordshire. “That milkmaid’s lot is better than mine, and her life merrier.”3 Tensions were high in England when Queen Mary died and Elizabeth took the throne in 1558, she was crowned Queen of England at Westminster Abbey in January 1559. At the time, the country was at war with France and there was still religious divisions in the region. Queen Elizabeth addressed these two issues first thing, during her first session of Parliament in 1559, she called for the passage of the Act of Supremacy, that re-established the Church of England, and the Act of Uniformity, that created a common prayer book. Queen Elizabeth was very determined woman and she was going to enjoy her new found freedom even through adversity. She loved sports, especially horse riding, hunting, hawking, bear baiting, and watching the male courtiers excel at jousts or other sporting contests. She loved music and dancing, pageantry and masques, and could even play the virginals and the lute herself with...

Cited: Chamberlain, The Sayings of Queen Elizabeth
Greaves, Richard L., Elizabeth I
Haigh, Christopher, Elizabeth I
Harinton, John, Elizabeth I
Heich, Allison, Queen Elizabeth I: Parliamentary and the Exercise of Power
Neale, John E, Elizabeth I and Her Parliaments 1559-1581
Rice, George P. Jr., The Public Speaking of Queen Elizabeth: Selection from her Official Addresses
Shallenick, Heather, Queen Elizabeth I
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