Topic: Quantitative Research
When conducting political science research, the researcher has to follow a particular series of step. The particular sequence is dependent on the type of social research, whether Quantitative or Qualitative. According to Burns and Grove (1997), Quantitative research is a formal, objective, systematic process in which numerical data are utilised to obtain information about the world. It can also be defined as a research process involving the collection, analysis and interpretation of numerical data to identify statistical relation of variables. This political science research model originated in the natural sciences and has its philosophical roots based on the tenets of positivism. Positivism is a compilation of “epistemological perspectives and philosophies of science” put forward by Auguste Comte in the 19th century. It contends that the scientific method (experiment and observation) is the optimal strategy for unearthing substantial knowledge. The main objective of the quantitative research model is to determine the relationship between an independent variable and a dependent variable in a population. It carried out for the purpose of causal explanation, prediction and for generalisability. The research design of quantitative studies are based on the logic of experimentation and is usually concerned with control groups, pre-tests or other elements of experimental design. In some cases, certain factors are held constant for the purpose of making casual inferences. The quantitative approach is descriptive (subjects measured once), quasi- experimental or experimental (subjects measured before and after a treatment). The descriptive study establishes associations between variables while the experimental and quasi-experimental studies are designed to examine causality. Quantitative research is systematic and is thought to be objective. This arises due to the notion that through collecting, interpreting and analysing quantitative...
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