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Quantitative Data Analysis Project

By central22 Oct 26, 2011 2168 Words
Quantitative Data Analysis Project

1.
a) My research question is “Does the type of community you grow up in, and if your parents make a special effort to expose you to other cultures, have an effect on how many friends you have who are gay/lesbian?” b) My dependent variable (DV) is “how many friends do you have who are gay/lesbian”, and my two independent variables (IV) are “type of community the respondent grew up in”, and “did your parents make a special effort to expose you to other cultures when you were growing up?” c) I believe that these variables will accurately address my research question because if children are exposed to different cultures, (which usually all have different views and ways of life), and also grow up in a place where there are a lot of different people and cultures being expressed, then it is likely that they will be more accepting and/or aware of something such as gay and lesbian people which is not considered a social norm and vice versa with children who are not exposed to different cultures, and live in smaller towns.

Statistics|
| Type of community respondent grew up in| Did your parents make a special effort to expose you to other cultures when you were growing up?| About how many friends do you have who are gay or lesbian?| N| Valid| 414| 405| 412|

| Missing| 0| 9| 2|

2. For the IV “type of community respondent grew up in”, 38.6% being the highest valid percent, said to have grown up in a small town, and growing up in a suburb of a city was the second highest valid percent at 35.7%. Third was growing up in a rural area at 13.3 valid percent, and lastly was growing up in a city at 12.3 percent validity for this sample. The next IV was “did your parents make a special effort to expose you to other cultures when you were growing up?” 51.4 valid percent responded “no”, their parents did not make a special effort to expose them to other cultures while growing up, making “yes” coming in close with 48.6 percent validity. The DP “about how many friends do you have who are gay or lesbian?”, answer “1 or 2” had the highest valid percent with 41.7%. “3 to 5 friends who are gay or lesbian” had 24.5 percent validity, “none” had 19.7&, and lastly “6 or more” had 14.1%.

Frequency for: Independent Variable (IV) #1
Type of community respondent grew up in|
| Frequency| Percent| Valid Percent| Cumulative Percent| Valid| CITY| 51| 12.3| 12.3| 12.3|
| SUBURB OF A CITY| 148| 35.7| 35.7| 48.1|
| SMALL TOWN| 160| 38.6| 38.6| 86.7|
| RURAL AREA| 55| 13.3| 13.3| 100.0|
| Total| 414| 100.0| 100.0| |

Frequency for: Independent Variable (IV) #2
Did your parents make a special effort to expose you to other cultures when you were growing up?| | Frequency| Percent| Valid Percent| Cumulative Percent| Valid| YES| 197| 47.6| 48.6| 48.6|

| NO| 208| 50.2| 51.4| 100.0|
| Total| 405| 97.8| 100.0| |
Missing| don t know| 9| 2.2| | |
Total| 414| 100.0| | |

Frequency for: Dependent Variable (DV) About how many friends do you have who are gay or lesbian?| | Frequency| Percent| Valid Percent| Cumulative Percent| Valid| NONE| 81| 19.6| 19.7| 19.7|

| 1 OR 2| 172| 41.5| 41.7| 61.4|
| 3 TO 5| 101| 24.4| 24.5| 85.9|
| 6 OR MORE| 58| 14.0| 14.1| 100.0|
| Total| 412| 99.5| 100.0| |
Missing| don t know| 2| .5| | |
Total| 414| 100.0| | |

3. The best measure of central tendency to use is mode. Mode can be described in this case, as the most occurring answer in the question that is given to the respondent. The mode for the first IV, “type of community” was a 3 which means, “small town”. (1=city, 2=suburb of a city, 3=small town, 4=rural area, 5=don’t know, and 6=refusal) The mode for the second IV “did your parents make an effort to expose you to cultures” was a 2 which stands for “no”. (1=yes, 2=no, 3=don’t know, 4=refusal) Finally the mode for the DV “about how many friends do you have who are gay or lesbian” was a 2, which meant “1 or 2”. (1=none, 2=1 or 2, 3=3to 5, 4=6 or more, 5=don’t know, 6=refusal) |

| Type of community respondent grew up in| Did your parents make a special effort to expose you to other cultures when you were growing up?| About how many friends do you have who are gay or lesbian?| N| Valid| 414| 405| 412|

| Missing| 0| 9| 2|
Mode| 3| 2| 2|

4. After reviewing the results of these variables, my hypothesis is going to be that growing up in a small town and not being exposed to different cultures will have an effect and result in low numbers of how many friends they have who are gay or lesbian.

Cross-tabulations
5.
Two variable crosstab for how many friends do you have who are gay/lesbian (DV) and type of community respondent grew up in (IV#1).

About how many friends do you have who are gay or lesbian? * Type of community respondent grew up in Cross-tabulation| Count|
| Type of community respondent grew up in| Total|
| CITY| SUBURB OF A CITY| SMALL TOWN| RURAL AREA| |
About how many friends do you have who are gay or lesbian?| NONE| 10| 32| 31| 8| 81| | 1 OR 2| 18| 65| 75| 14| 172|
| 3 TO 5| 11| 34| 36| 20| 101|
| 6 OR MORE| 11| 16| 18| 13| 58|
Total| 50| 147| 160| 55| 412|

Two variable crosstab for how many friends do you have who are gay/lesbian (DV) and did your parents make a special effort to expose you to other cultures when you were growing up (IV#2).

About how many friends do you have who are gay or lesbian? * Did your parents make a special effort to expose you to other cultures when you were growing up? Cross-tabulation| Count|
| Did your parents make a special effort to expose you to other cultures when you were growing up?| Total| | YES| NO| |
About how many friends do you have who are gay or lesbian?| NONE| 38| 39| 77| | 1 OR 2| 80| 88| 168|
| 3 TO 5| 46| 54| 100|
| 6 OR MORE| 32| 26| 58|
Total| 196| 207| 403|

Three variable crosstab for how many friends do you have who are gay/lesbian (DV), type of community respondent grew up in (IV#1), and did your parents make a special effort to expose you to other cultures when you were growing up (IV#2).

About how many friends do you have who are gay or lesbian? * Type of community respondent grew up in * Did your parents make a special effort to expose you to other cultures when you were growing up? Cross-tabulation| Count|

Did your parents make a special effort to expose you to other cultures when you were growing up?| Type of community respondent grew up in| Total| | CITY| SUBURB OF A CITY| SMALL TOWN| RURAL AREA| |

dimension1| YES| About how many friends do you have who are gay or lesbian?| NONE| 6| 19| 9| 4| 38| | | | 1 OR 2| 10| 29| 32| 9| 80|
| | | 3 TO 5| 5| 17| 16| 8| 46|
| | | 6 OR MORE| 6| 10| 9| 7| 32|
| | Total| 27| 75| 66| 28| 196|
| NO| About how many friends do you have who are gay or lesbian?| NONE| 4| 12| 20| 3| 39| | | | 1 OR 2| 8| 34| 42| 4| 88|
| | | 3 TO 5| 6| 17| 19| 12| 54|
| | | 6 OR MORE| 5| 6| 9| 6| 26|
| | Total| 23| 69| 90| 25| 207|

Chi-Square Tests|
Did your parents make a special effort to expose you to other cultures when you were growing up?| Value| df| Asymp. Sig. (2-sided)| dimension0| YES| Pearson Chi-Square| 7.827a| 9| .552| | | Likelihood Ratio| 7.667| 9| .568|

| | Linear-by-Linear Association| 1.508| 1| .219|
| | N of Valid Cases| 196| | |
| NO| Pearson Chi-Square| 17.783b| 9| .038|
| | Likelihood Ratio| 17.567| 9| .041|
| | Linear-by-Linear Association| .667| 1| .414|
| | N of Valid Cases| 207| | |
a. 2 cells (12.5%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 4.41.| b. 4 cells (25.0%) have expected count less than 5. The minimum expected count is 2.89.|

6.
a) Crosstabs are extremely important for determining the relationship between variables for various amounts of reasons. First it allows us to read the information quicker and easier, it also gives a more in-depth look at two or more variables at once which is probably the most important aspect of crosstabs. Finally, you are not able to clearly see the relationship between all your variables until you crosstab them. b) The level of measurement for my dependent and independent variables are all nominal level variables. c) There was no difference in association between variables when a bi-variate or a tri-variate crosstab is run. 7.

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