Quality of Higher Education in Pakistan

Powerful Essays
SOME PROBLEMS IN THE MEASUREMENT OF REAL NATIONAL INCOME
By J. L. Nicholson
(Chief Statisticion, United Kinrdorn Cer~trol Sfatistical Oflcc)

The Truth is one and incapable of contradiction; All knowledge that conflicts with itself is Poetic Fiction. -W. H. Auden.
I. THE GENERAL SElTING

BEFORE discussing problems of method, one ought to be clear about aims. One is hardly in a position to taclcle the numerous and various problems that are peculiar to the measurement of real national income until one knows the purposes for which the results are intended to be used. This is the kind of proposition with which few people would disagree but which, as Oscar Wilde said about someone's face, once seen never remembered. Since estimates of real national income may have several possible objects, one should not expect to find perfectly general solutions to many of the problems. The correct, or most appropriate, solution for one purpose may often differ from the correct, or most appropriate, solution for some other purpose. There would be general agreement that the particular purpose of the estimates may affect the choice of weights, as well as the definition of what is included within the boundaries of economic activity. But it may also influence the best method of making use of the available data; and one should even bear in mind the possibility that, in certain cases, it may affect the choice of indicators. The purposes of estimates of the real national income or product seem to fall into two main categories. Such estimates may be needed in connection with (a) problenls concerned with the potential or actual welfare or satisfaction derived by consumers and purchasers of final products; or (b) problems of productivity, and the effective utilization of resources, the emphasis in this case being on the producer, not the consumer. It must be admitted that the usefulness of estimates of the
145

146

I N C O M E A N D WEALTH

real natiollal income, in either

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Better Essays

    QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN HIGHER EDUCATION: WITH REFRENCE TO CONTRIBUTION OF MANAGEMENT TECHNIQUES Dr.Aruna Ms Sangeeta Faculty Commerce, Faculty Art , Rama Degree College Ram Manohar…

    • 1876 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    HIGHER EDUCATION IN A REGIME OF GLOBALIZATION: DEVELOPING INTEGRAL PERSONALITY (Abstract) (Man is neither mere intellect, nor the gross animal body, nor the heart or soul alone. A proper and harmonious combination of all the three is required for the making of the whole man and constitutes the true economics of education. After independence, India adopted the approach of planned development of the country. In the post – independence period, higher education has expanded fast, and it is mostly…

    • 1745 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    India has travelled a long way in education, from the “Guru -Shishya” practice of learning under the shade of a tree in medieval times, to becoming the second largest in the field of higher education world over after United States! Today, all high school students start thinking about career options but the question is whether our country has the facilities to help our dreams soar in the sky or whether we have to go abroad to make our dreams come true. After extensive research on this topic, it…

    • 662 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    QUALITY ASSURANCE IN HIGHER EDUCATION Dr.R.Sivakumar Assistant Professor of Education Annamalai University Introduction Higher Education Institutions are frequently the focus of attention since they represent valuable resources for any country. They produce the educated men and women that often become the social, political, technological, economic, and religious leaders of the country. Because of the changes that have occurred in the restructuring of the education system as well s…

    • 1897 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Higher Education Commission Scholarships in Pakistan | December 27 2012 Contents Education 3 Education System in Pakistan 4 Formal System of Education in Pakistan 5 Higher Education Commission (HEC) 8 1. Foreign Scholarships 11 Faculty Development of UESTPs/ UETs 11 Overseas Scholarships for MS / M.Phil leading to PhD 13 International Research Support Initiative Program 14 Partial Support for PhD Studies Abroad 15 Commonwealth Scholarships for PhD, Split PhD and Post…

    • 7404 Words
    • 30 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Total quality management in higher education The TQM Magazine Volume 7 · Number 6 · 1995 ·6–12 Gerald McElwee Perspectives Total quality management in higher education: how to approach human resource management George Holmes and Gerard McElwee The authors George Holmes is Dean of Management, University of Humberside, Hull, UK. Gerard McElwee is Associate Dean of School of Management, University of Humberside, Hull, UK. Abstract Presents the view that total quality management in higher…

    • 4272 Words
    • 18 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN HIGHER EDUCATION Ranjana, Lecturer Doaba College of Education ABSTRACT In this world of ever-growing competition, rapid changes of technology, privatization and internalization in education have led to the use of the concept of TQM in higher education. Student is nowadays considered as a customer and the system of education needs to be according to the needs of the customer (Student).In…

    • 1431 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    THE PATH TO QUALITY TEACHING IN HIGHER EDUCATION By Fabrice Henard and Soleine Leprince-Ringuet About the authors Fabrice Henard is an analyst at the OECD, for the programme Institutional Management for Higher Education (IMHE). Soleine Leprince-Ringuet is a graduate student currently pursuing a double Masters degree from the London School of Economics and Political Science and from Sciences Po Paris. She was an intern at the OECD from October 2007 to June 2008. 1 ABSTRACT 1. This…

    • 20956 Words
    • 84 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    TRANSLATING EDUCATION TO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Commissioner Nona S. Ricafort The Brundtland Commission of 1987 defined “Sustainable Development” as “meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” Sustainable development is maintaining a delicate balance between the human need to improve lifestyles and feeling of well-being on one hand, and preserving natural resources and ecosystems, on which we and future generations…

    • 3940 Words
    • 16 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Higher Education

    • 23697 Words
    • 95 Pages

    Report on The System of Education in India Nordic Recognition Information Centres 1 October 2006 THE SYSTEM OF EDUCATION IN INDIA Introduction ......................................................................................................... 3 Background to the Study Tour ............................................................................................... 3 Report Structure .........................................................................................…

    • 23697 Words
    • 95 Pages
    Good Essays