Qualitative Field Research

Topics: Qualitative research, Scientific method, Focus group Pages: 5 (914 words) Published: April 26, 2015


Qualitative Field Research
Dady Lafleur
City College
Research Methods

Introduction
What is Qualitative Field Research? Well it’s something that you probably seen walking in the mall or coming out of a grocery store; Qualitative Field Research involves fieldwork which is when the researcher observes and records behavior and events in their natural setting; (about education.com) Meaning, that certain people go out to places like malls, grocery stores, neighborhoods, and ask people questions and surveys, for a cause. Qualitative research perseveres on the details of sense that candidate will bring into a collective context, and this highlights its practical nature as well as its flexibility.

Qualitative research acknowledges the difficulty and drive of the social world, three topics appropriate for field research are social processes that are seen over time, behaviors and reactions in their natural settings, and topics that challenge simple quantification. The main types of Qualitative Research are Case Study, which attempts to shed light on the fact that by studying in-depth a single case example of the case.  The case can be an individual person, an event, a group, or a society. Grounded Theory, theory is a developed inductively from a amount of data acquired by a participant-observer. Phenomenology, describes the organization of the experience as they show themselves to notice without option to theory, judgment, or assumptions from other restraint Ethnography, focuses on the sociology of meaning through close field observation of sociocultural phenomena. Typically, the ethnographer focuses on a community. Historical, organized collection and objective estimate of data related to past occurrences in order to test hypotheses concerning causes, effects, or trends of these events that may help to explain present events and look forward to future events.

The two Qualitative Field Research Paradigms, that I will address, are Naturalism - an approach to field research based on the assumption that an objective social reality exists and can be observed and reported accurately, it’s another way of saying that I believed in what I can see, and that’s the way it is; Emancipatory Research - the study of human knowledge, meaning that they using your mind and not always the experience, using your ideas and senses; along with rationalism and skepticism, empiricism emphasizes. Qualitative Interviewing is learning about different countries and what they value. It’s also finding out what their issues and using field researcher to figure out a solutions to their problems. The research will also show how their problems might be similar to our problems, which can make the task easier. It’s asking the questions that they are asking people to listen to. The reasons why is to have historical information about that country, and to reform the statics’, of “all countries are like that”.

Reliability in research data refers to the degree to which an assessment consistently measures whatever it is measuring. Meaning that no matter what they are testing or studying, they get the same result over and over again. Validity refers to whether or not a topic or skill is actually measured by the device used to assess it. Like for example, asking yourself “am I measuring correctly, or am I doing this right?” While reliability is concerned with the accuracy of the actual measuring the data or formula, validity is concerned with the study's success at measuring what the scientist set out to measure. To reduce the risk of researcher bias, a qualitative research method called "focus group" is sometimes used. In a focus group, several people are interviewed at once to gain their opinions on a subject or item. Researchers may conduct the focus groups by interviewing them or by observing the groups converse about an issue. This method could be used to find out what people think about a product or an...

References: (n.d.). Retrieved December 12, 2014, from http://www.csulb.edu/~msaintg/ppa696/696quali.htm
(n.d.). Retrieved December 13, 2014, from http://www.oxfordjournals.org/our_journals/tropej/online/ce_ch14.pdf
Crossman, A. (n.d.). Qualitative Research. Retrieved December 13, 2014, from http://sociology.about.com/od/Research/a/Overview-Of-Qualitative-Research-Methods.htm
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