Qnt 561 Week 2 Problem Set

Topics: Normal distribution, Arithmetic mean, Standard deviation Pages: 3 (634 words) Published: July 9, 2011
Chapter 8

Exercise 21

What is sampling error?
It is the difference between the sample mean and the population mean Could the value of the sampling error be zero?
Yes it is possible to have a zero sampling error. However, it is very low probability that this could happen. If it were zero, what would this mean?
This means that the population is uniform and the sample mean and the population mean are equal.

Exercise 22

List the reasons for sampling. Give an example of each reason for sampling.

1. Contacting whole population is time consuming. If the population is California residents, it will take a long time to send everyone a survey and then process the results. 2. Contacting whole population is costly. Same example of California residents, it will be very costly to send by mail a survey to all residents and then process millions of responses. 3. Checking all population is physically impossible. If the population is infinite like the water at California shores, its is impossible to check the bacteria levels for all the water on California shores. 4. Some tests are destructive to the population. Like testing for an epidemic of e-coli bacteria in lettuce, we can’t take every lettuce produced in a farm and damage it while testing for the bacteria. The whole crop will be damaged. 5. Sample results are adequate. Valid and reliable samples provide adequate results that are very close to the population results. For example, checking the price of rice in the retailers in US, it is sufficient to get a retailer from each region to get a good idea of the price of rice in the whole nation.

Exercise 34

Information from the American Institute of Insurance indicates the mean amount of life insurance per household in the United States is $110,000. This distribution follows the normal distribution with a standard deviation of $40,000.

A. If we select a random sample of 50 households, what is the standard error of the mean?

σ/√n = 40000/√50 =...
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