Waste-To-Energy Pyrolysis- A Process Innovation For Sustainable Future AKHIL MOHANAN Department Of Business Administration College Of Engineering Trivandrum
ABSTRACT Innovations being into management level may take its part as process, product, technology and strategy innovation. A process innovation that meets the energy crisis as well as requirement of effective waste management is proposed in this work. Plastics are inexpensive, lightweight and durable materials, which can readily be moulded into a variety of products that find use in a wide range of applications. As a consequence, the production of plastics has increased markedly over the last 60 years. However, current levels of their usage and disposal generate several environmental problems. Waste plastic disposal and excessive use of fossil fuels have caused environment concerns in the world. Both plastics and petroleum derived fuels are hydrocarbons that contain the elements of carbon and hydrogen. The difference between them is that plastic molecules have longer carbon chains than those in LPG, petrol, and diesel fuels. Therefore, it is possible to convert waste plastic into fuels. The non-catalytic pyrolysis process is the nearest technique to commercialization considering the collection and recycling processes of waste plastics. Unlike incineration or gasification, non-catalytic pyrolysis yield fuel that is almost equivalent to the fractionating column of diesel. The existing use of pyrolysis and the risks involved in it proves that the amount of individual scope was only used for the process of extraction of bio-char for agricultural purpose. But coming to the industry or manufacturing level, the “BIO” concept is altered to meet the future fuel requirements. This process helps the industries to avoid relying heavily on fossil fuels for logistics and other operations.
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