How were children viewed back in the day and how are they viewed now?
A passive recipient of socialization forces to someone who actively constructs their environment
What is a model?
An assumption or hypothesis about development
How are models classified?
Simple or complex
How does a scholar’s model differ from the way most of our interpretations?
We think they are implicit, but scholars think they are formal or explicit
What do models represent?
The role of genetics, the environment, the child, and the need for past as prologue
What does the past as prologue mean?
The degree to which it is deemed necessary to consider the past to understand the present
What does the born this way model emphasize?
Role of genetics in development
What does the born this way model discredit?
What did behaviorism represent?
Children as passive recipients of socialization influences
Which model was the most popular when Piaget first came into the picture?
Who said that humans are blank slates?
What is the term used for blank slate?
What does the blank slate theory mean?
Individuals are built without built-in mental content and that their knowledge comes from experience and perception
What did Watson believe to be true about why children develop the way that they do?
Observing children, rather than speculating on their ancestry
Did Watson agree with John Locke’s blank slate theory?
What was Watson’s view on development in general?
Complex motives and behaviors can be built upon via classical conditioning
What was the study Watson used to prove his point?
Little albert and conditioned fear
Watson’s famous quote was known for what?
No matter who you are and where you come from, you can turn into anything
What is classical conditioning?
The association of some behaviors with specific stimuli and even show how some stimuli that now elicit responses