Purpose and History of Corrections

Topics: Prison, Penology, Criminal justice Pages: 3 (880 words) Published: August 15, 2013
Purpose and History of Corrections
Jessica Malone
CJA/223
January 27, 2013
Jeffery Newton

Purpose and History of Corrections

For most, luckily corrections have come a long way since the days of torture and the rack. In the following, history of punishment will discussed as well as the things that drove the reform of punishment. As punishment evolved so did the use and prisons. The following will dissect the early prison systems and how they matured over time. Two early systems, the Pennsylvania system and the Auburn system were used and will be compared against each other. Finally how prison labor impacted, and has always been involved in corrections will be discussed. To understand how far society has come on the subject one must know what is punishment and where did it get its foundation. Murtagh (2005), “Punishment has been defined as the deliberate infliction of suffering on a supposed or actual offender.” Modern day punishment is called corrections but has used the names of penology or penal actions in it’s life time. Punishments used as early responses to crime by today’s standards were extreme. Early responses were brutal and included things like torture, beatings, branding and mutilation. Early examples of these responses are liars may have their tongue’s cut out, or that thieves have their fingers, or hands cut off. Another early response to crime was transportation. Transportation is the act of literally removing the criminal from the society in which they committed their crime. Often, transportation was to undesirable locations in the wilderness or newly established colonies. More refined then the other but by no means on today’s level was the use of stocks and pillories. Given these practices another crude practice to early crime was the conditions of the detention centers themselves. The prison system at its roots would start with early jails. The beginning of prison reform can be traced back to John Howard and his reform of the jails in...

References: Encyclopedia Britannica Facts Matter. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com
Murtagh, K. (2005). IEP. Retrieved from http://www.iep.utm.edu/punishme/
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