Punishments to Indians at Port Blair

Topics: Prison, Andaman Islands, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Pages: 11 (4297 words) Published: June 25, 2013
CONDITION OF INDIAN PRISONERS AT PORT BLAIR

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction……………………………………………………1 History………………………………..………………………..1 Construction …………………………………………………...2 Prisoner life at Cellular jail……………………………………..3 Life as a convict….……………………………………………..5 Manual Labour………………………………………………….5 Revolt by prisoners……………………………………………..8 World War II…………………………………………………..8 Present structure………………………………………………..9

INTRODUCTION
The Cellular Jail, also known as Kala Pani situated in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (India). The prison was known to house many notable Indian activists during the struggle for India's independence. The Cellular Jail is one of the murkiest chapters in the history of the colonial rule in India. The remote islands were considered to be a suitable place to punish the rebels. Not only were they isolated from the mainland, they could also be used in chain gangs to construct prisons, buildings and harbour facilities. Many died in this enterprise. They served to colonise the island for the British. The exact reason for giving this infamous name to the islands is still in the dark. Some experts are of the view that the colour of seawaters of these islands was black either in itself or because of the reflection of the thick and dark black clouds, which almost always remained overcast. There are others who say that the stone of the hills surrounding the sea was black which by its reflection made the colour of the sea appear black. However, numerous scholars reject this theory, and according to them the expression `Kala Pani` has been used with reference to the Sanskrit word `Kal`, which means Time or Death. The word `Kala Pani` thus, meant the water of death or a place of death from where only the luckiest returned." The British, immediately after the establishment of penal settlement in the Andamans in 1858, also referred these islands as existing across the `Black Water`. Kala Pani` or `Black Water` virtually meant cruel and ruthless treatment to the prisoners till death. A sentence of deportation to `Kala Pani` meant a warrant for throwing the prisoner in living hell to face heard or unheard trials and tribulations and to lead a life of a beast or even worse than that. Expatriation to `Kala Pani` for life was worse than death penalty. The Indian revolutionaries were doomed to `Kala Pani` to undergo these harsh punishments but they in turn immortalised these islands by their selfless sacrifices. HISTORY

This was the fort constructed(Spread in an area of 35.02 Acre’s) by the Dutch when they came here for their trade. This Fort was converted into Jail during the British Rule. It was given the status of Central Jail in 1847. This is the biggest and the oldest jail with complete protection in Andhra Pradesh. According to 1991 reports there were 584 life prisoners, 581 long duration and 355 short duration prisoners in this Jail.The construction of the prison started in 1896 and was completed in 1906. But the history of using the Andaman island as a prison dates back to the Indian rebellion of 185. The penal settlement established in Andaman by the British after the First War of Independence in 1857 was the beginning of the agonizing story of freedom fighters in the massive and awful jails at Viper Island followed by the Cellular Jail. The patriots who raised their voice against the British Raj were sent to this Jail, where many perished. The islands of Andaman & Nicobar, located in the Bay of Bengal and separated from the Indian mainland by thousands of kilometres of sea all around, was used by the British as penal settlement to which they banished thousands of freedom fighters as well as petty criminals. The first lot of 200 sepoys (privates) who participated in Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 arrived on the 10th of March, 1858, at Andaman and many were to follow. Under Superintendent J. B. Walker, the prisoners were forced to construct roads, buildings and everything else that was needed to convert marshy islands,...

Bibliography: * www.indianetzone.net
* www.culturalindia.net
* www.andamanbeacon.com
* www.i loveindia.com
* www.indiaprofile.com
* www.chillibreeze.com
* www.wikipedia.org
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