Punishment Research Paper
Punishment comes in different forms. Today’s criminal system has four justifications for punishment; these justifications for punishment are Retribution, Deterrence, Rehabilitation, and Social Protection. Rehabilitation is the oldest justification for punishment. Punishment is society’s revenge for a moral wrong. In principle, punishment should be equal in severity to the crime itself. Deterrence is an early modern approach. Crime is considered social disruption, which society acts to control. People are viewed as rational and self-interested; deterrence works because the pain of punishment outweighs the pleasure of crime. Rehabilitation a modern strategy linked to the development of social sciences. Crime and other deviance are viewed as the result of social problems (such as poverty) or personal problems (such as mental illness). Social conditions are improved; treatment is tailored to the offender’s condition. Social Protection is a modern approach easier to carry out than rehabilitation. Even if society is unable or unwilling to rehabilitate offenders or reform social conditions, people are protected by the imprisonment or execution of the offender. The state imposes legal punishment to criminals in different forms and severity with different purpose. It can be a temporary form of punishment such as imprisonment or imposing sorts of fine. It can be a lifelong punishment, such as life imprisonment. At the worst, punishment can be up to the extent of permanently removing the criminal from the society by execution. Though believed to reduce crime in society, punishment is generally seen as quite coercive and burdensome. Whether it is really doing more good than harm to the concerned individuals remain a topic of discussion and criticism.
Punishment is known to co-exist with history, without any period which prohibited punishment to the criminals. Since the implementation of punishment, the concept and justifications of punishment is...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document