Punic Wars

Topics: Carthage, Roman Republic, Second Punic War, Ancient Rome, Sicily, First Punic War / Pages: 7 (1554 words) / Published: Oct 6th, 2010
Punic Wars

The three Punic wars consisted of a series of conflicts of interest, especially land control, between the growing Roman Republic and the already existing Carthaginian Empire. The Punic wars started in year 246 BC and extended until year 146 BC. During this period, the Romans had control over the main peninsula of Italy and Carthage ruled the islands and also the commerce of the West part of the Mediterranean. These two empires were in good terms at one point; however, a dispute regarding the islands of Sicily and Corsica started the first war. During the first Punic war the Romans resulted victorious as well as in the second Punic war, yet this was the most important one since it lasted from 218 to 202 BC. These two wars resulted in an increased expansion of the Roman Empire. Nevertheless, the main outcome that was produced during the third Punic war was the destruction of a very prosperous city for an unreasonable cause. Interestingly enough, centuries after this event took place we are able to presence how history repeats itself and not in a very righteous way. The main reason why Rome and Carthage went to battle during the first Punic war, which occurred from 264 to 241 BC, was to determine the control of the islands of Corsica and Sicily. Before this event, Carthage had apprehended many territories that had made it very easy for them to dominate the western part of the Mediterranean Sea. Nevertheless, when the Carthaginians decided to conquer Messana, which is now called Messina, located near the northeast corner of Sicily, the Romans considered this a threat to their territory and responded with an attack to the Phoenicians , another name for Carthaginians hence the name Punic, forcing them to withdraw from the area. During 260 BC, the Roman forces try to acquire total control of Sicily, but they had no advantage over the Phoenicians who were stronger; even so the Romans were able to force out the Carthaginians from Corsica. During many

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