1. Public speaking: Public speaking is speaking to a group of people in a structured, deliberate manner intended to inform, influence, or entertain the listeners. ( is an oral presentation in which a speaker addresses an audience.) 2. rhetoric: Rhetoric is a technique of using language effectively and persuasively in spoken or written form. 3. extemporaneous: made up or done without special preparation 4. communication: is the phenomenon of conveying information and meaning through non-verbal, verbal, or written media. 5. encode: A message first ‘encoded’, that is transformed into an understandable sign and symbol system.Speaking is encoding, as are writing, printing, and filming a television program. 6. decode:Once recieved, the message is ‘decoded'; that is, the signs and symbols are interpreted. Decoding occurs through listening, reading, or watching that television show. 7. noise: Noise is any type of disruption that interferes with the transmission or interpretation of information from the sender to the receiver. 8. feedback: In communication studies, the response of an audience to a message or activity. 9. rhetorical purpose: attracting and seducing an audience, persuading them, and solving a problem. 10. specific purpose: defines your action in the speech, what you want to accomplish. The central idea is like a thesis statement in an essay; it is a statement of your main points. 11. thesis or central idea: a proposition stated or put forward for consideration, especially one to be discussed and proved or to be maintained against objections 12. major points: the most important or central thought of a paragraph or larger section of text, which tells the reader what the text is about 13. cultural:Culture is the characteristics and knowledge of a particular group of people, defined by everything from language, religion, cuisine, social-habits, music and arts 14. brainstorming: produce an idea or way of solving a problem by holding a spontaneous group discussion.
1. (69 BC) Pro Fonteio (In defense of Fonteius)
(69 BC) Pro Caecina (In defense of Caecina)
(66 BC) Pro Cluentio (In defense of Aulus Cluentius)
(56 BC) Pro Sestio (In defense of Sestius)
(56 BC) In Vatinium (Cross-examination of Vatinius)
2. Tell a Story or Anecdote, Build Suspense, Use Humor, Provide a Quotation, Let Listeners know you’re one of them.