Public Speaking

Topics: Speech, Gesture, Rhetoric Pages: 5 (856 words) Published: October 7, 2013
PUBLIC SPEAKING
I. ELEMENTS OF PUBLIC SPEAKING
A. THE SPEAKER
The main element of public speaking
He is seen as a person full of ideas, knowledge, and principles in life that in one way or another can inspire them in the challenges of life.

CHARACTERISTICS OF AN EFFECTIVE SPEAKER
1. GOOD VOICE QUALITY
Good voice quality/variety is a good tool to captivate audience’s attention especially when doing a narration. 2. KNOWLEDGE OF THE SUBJECT MATTER
The more and broader you know about the subject matter, the easier for you to discuss it with your audience 3. PROPER PRONUNCIATION
Observance of correct pronunciation establishes one’s credibility and at the same time help you convey the message clearly. 4. POSTURE
The way a speaker stands
5. POISE
The total carriage of the speaker

B. AUDIENCE ANALYSIS
How to address the audience should be the primary concern of every speaker The client
FACTORS TO BE CONSIDERED IN ANALYZING THE AUDIENCE
1. EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND
Knowing the educational background of the audience lets you determine the level of knowledge and understanding of the audience towards the topic 2. AGE
3. GENDER
4. CULTURAL and ETHNIC BACKGROUND

C. THE SPEECH
Should be as excellent as the delivery
PHYSICAL ASPECT OF THE SPEECH
1. CONCISE
Going around the bush, speaking over time definitely kill the enthusiasm of the audience 2. CLEAR and SIMPLE
The simpler the words, the clearer it is.
Clarity of speech can be gained by using correct word choice Jargons are not completely prohibited but should be used with utmost care Technical terms should be used to particular field
3. IT SHOULD bE CORRECT IN GRAMMAR
The use of correct grammar in speech is also one way of establishing credibility 4. IT IS LOGICAL
Arrange points according to significance and follow it up with supporting materials to strengthen them. D. OCCASION
FORMAL OCCASSIONS are attended with appropriate attire and manners INFORMA OCCASSIONS do not require much restriction on dress code CHARACTERISTICS OF SUPPORTING MATERIALS
1. RELEVANCE
It should have a direct link or connection to the topic
2. ACCURACY
3. NUMBER OF SUPPORTING MATERIALS
KINDS OF SUPPORTING MATERIALS
1. TESTIMONY
A statement that comes from a person
2. EXAMPLES
Make an abstract idea clear
3. STATISTICS
Composed of numerical figures

II. SPEECH STRUCTURE
A. INTRODUCTION
The beginning of the speech should be handled with a skill that will fight over tension, timidity, and inferiority. Should aim to captivate audience’s attention
WAYS TO OPEN A SPEECH
1. STORY
A material that easily captures the attention of an individual Easier to narrate when based on personal experiences
Effective tool to divert the audience attention from distractive things whether internal or external 2. QUOTATION
Avoid overused quotations or clichés
3. REFERENCE TO THE TOPIC
4. REFERENCE TO THE OCCASSION
5. BRAIN TEASERS
Appropriate brain teasers are needed especially when occasions starts at a holy hour. Needed to awaken the senses of the audience
6. RHETORICAL Question
Is a question to which the audience has no direct answer
7. ANECDOTE
An illustrative story which is usually humorous but it has relevant message 8. DEFINITION

B. BODY OF THE SPEECH
The most important and the longest part of the speech
PATTERN FOR ORGANIZATION
1. CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER
Follows the sequence of events in which they took place
Used for demonstrative speeches that follow certain procedures 2. CAUSAL ORDER
Deals in giving the cause of an event and its corresponding effects 3. PROBLEM-SOLUTION ORDER
Presents the problem and corresponding solutions
4. SPATIAL ORDER
Presents the main point from top to bottom, left to right
5. TOPICAL ORDER
Gives the main topic and its sub topic
USE OF CONNECTIVES
1. TRANSITIONS
Indicate when a speaker has completed one thought and would like to move to present ideas 2. SIGNPOST
Brief statements that indicate exactly where you are in the speech...
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