public services of health services in the UK

Topics: Alternative medicine, Health care, Medicine Pages: 24 (4463 words) Published: March 29, 2014


Investigation into Accessibility of Health Services in the UK

Contents

Abstract………………………………………………………..…P. 3

Introduction…………………………………………………...…P. 4-7

Method………………………………………………………..….P. 8-9

Results………………………………………………………....…P. 10-13

Discussion…………………………………………………….….P. 14-15

Appendix …………………………………………………..….....P. 16-21

References………………………………………………………..P. 22-23

Abstract

This report investigates the accessibility issues with current health services within the UK. To aid this investigation, the investigator looked at the original remit of the NHS and the recent changes that might affect accessibility to healthcare. A method was then established within a team comprised of 4 investigators, the method was to create and distribute questionnaires to collect feedback from the public regarding the healthcare services they have used. From the completed questionnaires, the results were documented and analysed, the conclusion from this showed that there definitely issues affecting accessibility but overall the results concluded that the public were satisfied with level of accessibility with healthcare in the UK.

Introduction

The Beveridge report was produced in 1942 by the government and it identified five ‘great social evils’ – these were: ignorance, idleness, want, squalor and disease. The main idea recommended to eradicate disease was to have a system of universal healthcare, a National Health Service (NHS). (Kirby (2000) p. 117-124)

With the passing of the National Healthcare Act 1948, The NHS was formed on 5th July 1948 when the current health minister at the time; Aneurin Bevan opened Park hospital in Manchester. The reason for the National Health Service being established was to bring free healthcare to all and this would be financed entirely from taxation, giving the public the option to pay according to their means. (NHS History, 2011).

The establishing of the NHS was regarded as raising the standard of living for poorer people, as previously free healthcare had been rare and only given in charity, the NHS was put in place to ensure that people were given a right to free healthcare. The original remit of the NHS was based on these principles: healthcare would be provided based on people’s need not their ability to pay, healthcare should be collectively financed, healthcare should be comprehensive and cover the whole range of people’s needs, healthcare should be universal and equally available to all areas of the country and the NHS would also be concerned with reducing inequalities within the healthcare sector and promote equality between the different classes. (Naidoo (2001) p.170)

Although this new change was popular with most of the British population, there was still opposition from doctors, as they did not want to give up their private practice to become employees of the NHS. The health minister, Aneurin Bevan gained their consent by agreeing to allow doctors to work as independent contractors who were paid a fee to work for the NHS while still maintaining the right to a private practice. (Kirby (2000) p. 117-124)

With the advancement of medical technology, such as the Computer Tomography (CT) scans in 1972 which were revolutionary, as doctors could examine the body without using invasive methods and the increased success rate of organ transplantation, it was decided that in order to keep a good standard of supervision on hospital procedures, a regional structure was introduced. Responsibilities were shared within the NHS by regional hospital boards, specialist authorities and local executive councils, although doctors were given some power in regards to the decisions about how the money was to be spent on healthcare. This was because it was believed that doctor’s...

References: (Accessed 27th November 2012)
Anon, B
Anon, C. (2011) NHS History, (online) Available at:
http://www.nhs.uk/NHSEngland/thenhs/nhshistory/Pages/NHShistory1948.aspx (Accessed 24th November 2012).
Anon, D. (2010) NHS faces biggest shake-up in decades, The Guardian, (online) (Last updated 11:43am 12th July 2010) Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2010/jul/12/nhs-white-paper-shake-up
(Accessed on 2nd December 2012)
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/programmes/your_nhs/3520546.stm (Accessed 24th November 2012)
HM Government
(Accessed 26th November 2012)
Hudson, B
Naidoo, J & Wills, J. (2001) Health Studies, An Introduction, New York, Palgrave.
The Health and Therapy Guide. (2011) Complementary and Alternative Medicine Regulation, (online) Available at:
http://www.gotosee.co.uk/healtharticles/complementary-alternative-medicine-regulation/ (Accessed on 29th November 2012)
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