Topics: Psychotherapy, Psychoanalysis, Cognitive behavioral therapy Pages: 17 (8428 words) Published: October 3, 2014

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"Therapist" redirects here. For other types of therapists, see Therapy. Psychotherapy is therapeutic interaction or treatment contracted between a trained professional and a client, patient, family, couple, or group. Simply, psychotherapy is a general term for treating mental health problems by talking with a psychiatrist, psychologist or other mental health provider. During psychotherapy, one hopes to learn about their condition and moods, feelings, thoughts and behaviors, how to take control of one's life and respond to challenging situations with healthy coping skills. The problems addressed are psychological in nature and can vary in terms of their causes, influences, triggers, and potential resolutions. Accurate assessment of these and other variables depends on the practitioner's capability and can change or evolve as the practitioner acquires experience, knowledge, and insight. Psychotherapy includes interactive processes between a person or group and a qualified mental health professional (psychiatrist, psychologist, clinical social worker, licensed counselor, or other trained practitioner). Its purpose is the exploration of thoughts, feelings and behavior for the purpose of problem solving or achieving higher levels of functioning.[1] Psychotherapy aims to increase the individual's sense of his/her own well-being. Psychotherapists employ a range of techniques based on experiential relationship building, dialogue, communication and behavior change that are designed to improve the mental health of a client or patient, or to improve group relationships (such as in a family). Psychotherapy may also be performed by practitioners with different qualifications, including psychiatry, psychology, social work (clinical or psychiatric), counseling psychology, mental health counseling, marriage and family therapy, rehabilitation counseling, school counseling, hypnotherapy, play therapy, music therapy, art therapy,drama therapy, dance/movement therapy, occupational therapy, psychiatric nursing, psychoanalysis and those from other psychotherapies. It may be legally regulated, voluntarily regulated or unregulated, depending on the jurisdiction. Requirements of these professions vary, and often require graduate school and supervised clinical experience. Psychotherapy in Europe is increasingly seen as an independent profession, rather than restricted to psychologists and psychiatrists as stipulated in some countries. Contents

1 Regulation
1.1 Continental Europe
1.2 United Kingdom
2 Etymology
3 Forms
4 Systems
5 History
6 General description
7 Medical and non-medical models
8 Specific schools and approaches
8.1 Psychoanalysis
8.2 Gestalt therapy
8.3 Positive Psychotherapy
8.4 Group psychotherapy
8.5 Cognitive behavioral therapy
8.6 Hypnotherapy
8.7 Behavior therapy
8.8 Body-oriented psychotherapy
8.9 Expressive therapy
8.10 Interpersonal psychotherapy
8.11 Narrative therapy
8.12 Integrative psychotherapy
8.13 Human givens therapy
8.14 Metapsychiatry
8.15 Adaptations for children
8.16 Confidentiality
9 Criticisms and questions regarding effectiveness
10 See also
11 Notes
12 References
13 Further reading
13.1 Psychodynamic schools
13.2 Humanistic schools
14 External links
Continental Europe[edit]
In Germany, the Psychotherapy Act (PsychThG, 1998) restricts the practice of psychotherapy for adults to the professions of psychology who have completed a five-year course. Children may receive such therapy from social pedagogues and social workers who have completed a five-year postgraduate course.[2] Physicians must complete a residency in psychotherapeutic medicine till 2003. A training in psychotherapy is also part of residency in psychiatry and psychosomatic medicine the title of those professionals is consultant for psychiatry and psychotherapy and consultant for psychosomatic medicine and psychotherapy. All...
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