Psychology Test Notes

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Psychology Test 1
Chapters 1, 2, & 4

Chapter 1
Psychology – the scientific study of behavior & mental process Goals of Psychology: 1. Describe 2. Predict Human behavior & mental process 3. Explain 4. Help change and improve the lives of people

Subfields:
Behavioral neuroscience – examines biological basis of behavior and hoe it determines behavior Brain & nervous system
Developmental Psychology – examines how people grow & change from the birth to death
Clinical psychology – deals with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of psychological disorders

Psychiatrists – physicians who specialize in the treatment of psychological disorders
Psychologist – employed in a variety of places, concentrate on improving lives of people

Wilhelm Wundt 1st experimental lab devoted to psychological experiment
Structuralism – focuses on uncovering the fundamental mental components of perception, consciousness, thinking, emotions and other kinds of mental states and activities
Introspection – procedure that presents people with a stimulus and asked to describe what they experience These were used to better understand the structure of the mind

Gestalt psychology – emphasizes how perception is organized Study how people consider individual elements together as units or wholes “The whole is different from the sum of its parts.”
Behavioral psychology Behavioral perspective - the approach that suggests that observable, measurable behavior should be the focus of study championed by Skinner Watson was 1st major American psychologist to advocate behavioral approach “Give me a dozen healthy infants…train him to become any type of specialist.”

Components of the Scientific Method – the approach used by psychologist to systematically acquire knowledge and understanding about behavior and other phenomena of interest 1) Identifying questions of interest 2) Formulating an explanation 3) Carrying out research designed to

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