Psychology Study Guide -2013/14
True/False-Correct the false statements.
1. The four goals of psychology are to describe, explain, predict, and influence behavior. True
2. One of the positive aspects of a longitudinal study is that it does not require much time or money. False- longitudinal studies are time consuming and precarious 3. We tend to see things in patterns or as wholes rather than individual parts. This is known as Gestalt thinking. True
4. Dreams typically occur during stage 3 sleep.
False- dreams typically occur during REM sleep.
5. Positive stress is known as distress and negative stress is eustress. False- Positive stress is known as eustress, ajnd negative stress is known as distress. 6. Students tend to do better on tests that require recognition rather than tests that require only recall. 7. A psychological (mental) sleeping disorder where the person does not get adequate sleep is known as insomnia. 8. Most of our 60,000 thoughts per day happen at the conscious level. 9. A belief, prediction, or expectation that comes true is an example of a self-fulfilling prophecy. 10. Psychological research shows that the placebo effect can impact people, especially in healing. Multiple Choice
11. Which of the following careers requires that a person be a medical doctor? a. Clinical psychologist
b. Developmental psychologist
d. Research specialist
12. Observations that can be made by physical processes are __________; while observations made that show memory, intelligence, and thinking are _______________. a. Physiological; cognitive
b. Cognitive; physiological
c. Spatial; latent
d. Sensory; formal
13. The __________ nervous system control voluntary muscle movement, such as raising your arm. a. Central
14. The more analytical and rational part of the brain is the… a. Right brain
b. Left brain
15. A person with a split-brain operation saw a picture with pieces of fruit which together makes a face. Using only her right eye she would see… a. A face
c. Pieces of fruit
d. A blob of colors
16. The branch of psychology that studies the development of humans from birth to death is ___. a. Biological psychology
b. Counseling psychology
c. Behavioral psychology
d. Developmental psychology
17. Which of the following would have the least amount of researcher bias? a. Single-blind experiment
b. Double-blind experiment
d. Case study
18. A student sees a car, rather than rubber tires, glass windows, and a metal frame. This is an example of _____________. a. Physiological processes
b. Behavior psychology
c. Gestalt thinking
d. Sensorimotor skills
19. Why is psychology often referred to as a “soft science?” a. It is difficult to prove conclusions that are absolute all the time. b. It is not taken as seriously as other sciences.
c. It isn’t a science at all.
d. Most people in psychology are a bunch of pansies.
20. Tricks or shortcuts used to help memory are known as _______________________. a. Preexisting schemas
c. Long-term memory
d. Mnemonic devices
21. Which of the following can create an altered state of consciousness? a. Sleep
d. All of the above
22. When children first begin to speak words they use _____________, such as “ba” for the word ball. a. Maturation
b. Telegraphic speech
c. Rooting reflex
d. Grasping reflex
23. Which of the following would you not find on Maslow’s hierarchy of needs? a. Self-actualization
b. Physiological needs
c. Esteem needs
d. Multiple intelligences
24. The Milgram Experiment, where subjects applied electric shock to others, demonstrated… a. The extent to which people will conform to authority figures. b. How tough humans can be.
c. That people have no problem inflicting pain on others.
d. That people are not very intelligent.
25. When children understand...
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