Psychology of personality. Different types of personality disorders.
One of the most common asked questions by people nowadays is “What is psychology?” Misconceptions created by popular media as well as the diverse careers paths of those holding psychology degrees have contributed this confusion. There are a lot of different definitions of psychology but the most seen is that: psychology is both an applied and academic field that studies the human mind and behavior. Research in psychology seeks to understand and explain thought, emotion and behavior. Applications of psychology include mental health treatment, performance enhancement, self-help, ergonomics and many other areas affecting. Psychology evolved out of both philosophy and biology. Such discussions of the two subjects date as far back as the early Greek thinkers such as Aristotle and Socrates. The word psychology is derived from the Greek word psyche, meaning 'soul' or 'mind.' There are different branches of psychology. One of those is psychology of personality which studies people’s personalities and different types of personality disorders. In psychology, personality refers to the pattern of thoughts, feelings and behaviors, consistently exhibited by an individual over a long period of time, that strongly influences the way that individual perceives the world and himself. Personality is a complex combination of traits and characteristics that determines our expectations, self-perceptions, values and attitudes, and predicts our reactions to people, problems and stress. Personality is not just who we are, it is also how we are. Diversity of personality is what makes people unique. However, sometimes personality can manifest itself in inappropriate and destructive ways what we call personality disorders. Personality Disorders are mental illnesses that share several unique qualities. They contain symptoms that are enduring and play a major role in most, if not all, aspects of the person's life. While many disorders vacillate in terms of symptom presence and intensity, personality disorders typically remain relatively constant. November 15 2011, Retrieved from: http://allpsych.com/disorders/personality/index.html). There are ten recognized disorders grouped into three categories: odd, eccentric behavior; dramatic, erratic behavior; anxious, inhibited behavior.
In “The New Personality Self Portrait: Why you Think, Work, Love and Act the Way you Do” the author briefly and well describes the first cluster of personality disorders which deals with odd, eccentric behavior. Under this category we learn about paranoid, schizoid and schizotypal personality disorders. The author explains each type and refers to different examples. Paranoid personality disorder is characterized by a distrust of others and a constant suspicion that people around you have sinister motives. People with this disorder tend to have excessive trust in their own knowledge and abilities and usually avoid close relationships. They search for hidden meanings in everything and read hostile intentions into the actions of others. They are quick to challenge the loyalties of friends and loved ones and often appear cold and distant. They usually shift blame to other people and tend to carry long grudges.
Another disorder described are people with schizoid personality disorder avoid relationships and do not show much emotion. Unlike avoidants, schizoids genuinely prefer to be alone and do not secretly wish for popularity. They tend to seek jobs that require little social contact. Their social skills are often weak and they do not show a need for attention or acceptance. They are perceived by others as humorless and distant and often are termed "loners." In “Party of One: The Loner's Manifesto” by Anneli Rufus, the author describes: "Self-reliant, each loner swims alone through a social world—a world of teams, troops and groups—that scorns and misunderstands those who stand apart. Loners know...
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