Psychology Learning

Topics: Classical conditioning, Ivan Pavlov, Behaviorism Pages: 4 (1266 words) Published: October 15, 2013
Humans learn in everyday life. ‘Learning is an adaptive process in which the tendency to perform a particular behaviour is changed by. As conditions change, we learn new behaviours and eliminate old ones’. (Sarma,Pearson). Learning cannot be directly seen occurring, therefore there are many research projects involved with the discovery of how one learns. However different situations affect the learning performance. This assignment acquires one to discuss how classical condition principals explain the development of phobias. It is then asked, to determine how fears and phobias may be out ruled with the aid of systematic desensitisation.

As humans, we develop our behaviours due to classical conditioning. ‘Through classical conditioning organisms learn about the signalling properties of events ’(Naime, Psychology) Through a reaction to a stimulus or an emotion, a humans will act accordingly due to their pervious reaction and experience of a situation. One does not simply acquire fear toward a situation unless they have had a disturbing experience or have been warned of the consequences of their actions, by another. Fear is acquired though life experiences. One associates their trauma to a stimulus, therefore one learns by association. ‘In acquiring these fears, a process known as fear conditioning, the brain's amygdala plays a critical role.’ (www.sciencedaily.com) Classical conditioning is associated with Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov. Pavlov was studying digestive process in dogs when he discovered that the dogs salivated before they received their food. In fact, after repeated pairing of the lab attendant and the food, the dogs started to salivate at the sight of the lab assistants. Pavlov coined these phenomena “psychic secretions." He noted that dogs were not only responding to a biological need (hunger), but also a need developed by learning. Pavlov spent the rest of life researching why this associate learning occurred, which is now called...

References: Sarma, K. (Ed.). (2011). Introduction to Psychology . (4th ed.). Great Britain : Pearson.
Science Daily (2007, March 16). Fears Learned By Observing Others Are Similar To Those Learned From Direct Experience. Retrieved February 22, 2012, from http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/03/070316072634.htm
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McLeod, S. (2008). Systematic Desensitization behavior Therapy. Simply Psychology . Retrieved February 22, 2012, from http://www.simplypsychology.org/Systematic-Desensitisation.html
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