December 7 2012
The cartoon above shows a very comical understanding of Ivan Pavlov’s Classical Conditioning. In the cartoon the dog is seeing a psychiatrist in order to understand why instead of receiving the stimulus there is bell being rung. This demonstrates what we have learned about classical conditioning. In order to contain a conditioned response, the neutral stimulus and unconditioned stimulus need to combine. In the cartoon’s case when a dog is presented with food he salivates, however when combined with a bell noise right before he is given food he still salivates, even after the food is taken away. Just hearing the sound of the bell leads makes the dog salivate. This emphasizes Pavlov’s basic form of learning in his theory done about Classical Conditioning.
African People & Culture
To the Ashanti, the family and the mother’s clan are most important. A child is said to inherit the father’s soul or spirit and from the mother a child receives flesh and blood (mogya). This relates them more closely to the mother’s clan. The Ashanti live in an extended family. The family lives in various homes or huts that are set up around a courtyard. The head of the household is usually the oldest brother that lives there. He is chosen by the elders. He is called either Father or Housefather and is obeyed by everyone.
Boys are trained by their fathers at the age of eight and nine. They are taught a skill of the fathers' choice. The father is also responsible for paying for school. Boys are taught to use the talking drums by their mothers' brother. Talking drums are used for learning the Ashanti language and spreading news and are also used in ceremonies. The talking drums are important to the Ashanti and there are very important rituals involved in them. Girls are taught cooking and housekeeping skills by their mothers. They also work the fields and bring in necessary items, such as water, for the group.
Marriage is very important to Ashanti communal life and it can be polygamous. Men may want more than one wife to express their willingness to be generous and support a large family. Women in the Ashanti culture will not marry without the consent of their parents. Many women do not meet their husbands until they are married. Even so, divorce is very rare in the Ashanti culture and it is a duty of parents on both sides to keep a marriage going. 蜉
In this Journal article we see the importance of a family. As the Ashanti family in Africa is united by common traditions done and passed down by one another, it emphasizes the importance of family and being united as one. This is related to our topic on Cultural Influences, the ability for humans to evolve culture. The Ashanti tribes would be considered a Collectivism group. Due to the close bond of the family and seen confront with one another. As well the harmony between one another to help each when in need. They realize the importance of family and the need to stick around on another. These parents are also raising their children as interdependent. They are making them see the possibility’s to do such things that would benefit other, and not only them as an Individualist would acquire.
In the picture above taken by the Huffington Post, we see a dog learning to drive. The experiment done was in order to prove the capability of canines that have been abandoned be able to acquire new tricks. The animal by hearing commands learns to turn the wheel and even most the automatic prototype. The animals are being trained by using B.F Skinners classical experiment, Operant Conditioning. The dog after hearing a command and doing what was taught to him receives a treat. The reinforcer is the treat and with that the dog is shaped to do the desired result. The positive reinforcement witch is the dog treat and hearing the instructor’s voice, makes the dogs urge to turn the wheel or change shifts more common time after...
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