Behavioral, Cognitive and Social Learning Theories
For Unit seven project, I will define, analyze and examine my understanding of the genetic and environmental factors that influence personality. Then I will answer the following four short-essay questions which will consists of 200 – 300 words, that will help me find the best solutions using my assessment skills. For the first question, I will discuss what the relationship is between cognition and personality and explain how biological and environmental factors can shape our cognitive processes. In addition, an example that shows how a person’s cognitive processes can shape some aspect of personality will be provided. Secondly, I will explain and provide examples, when necessary, of how evolutionary, biological/genetic and environmental variables can result in the development of an aggressive personality. Thirdly, I will discuss how parents are influential in a child’s personality in relation to evolutionary, biological/genetic and behavioral theories. Further, examples will be provided to illustrate how each of the aforementioned models relates to parenting and children’s personality development. Then, I will discuss what self efficacy is and how it relates to personality. In furtherance, I will discuss what “nature” and “nurture” factors contribute to one’s self efficacy and provide examples when it is appropriate to do so. All the aforementioned findings will be submitted in a word project. Upon completion of this project, I will submit it to Kaplan University drop box.
Both cognition and personality development follow a similar path in that they both follow a timetable of development that expresses milestones in development at similar times in relation to a child’s cognition and personality growth. A shy person is thought to be related to a biologically based temperament although there are theorists like Staats who challenge the aforementioned (Cloninger, Allen, Friedman and Schustack, 2008, p. 364). Genetically, it is shown that children with shy parents tend to exhibit shyness in their personality, which is believed to be passed on by their parents. Environmentally, children’s cognitive processes are shaped by the way people talk and interact with their children early in life. Memory games are great for developing a child’s memory and puzzles are a good way for children to practice and develop their cognitive process of problem solving skills in every day life. When children are around adults and/or role models who act intelligently and show confidence, the children have an incentive to become intelligent and exhibit confidence. When a child’s cognitive processes are well developed, the child can become confident and act intelligently; this can shape his/her personality in a major way. Further, a child can become embarrassed easily when put on spot, if his/her memory is not well developed; this can cause a child to act shy and nervous. Various studies show that children inherit their personality (Cloninger, Allen, Friedman and Schustack et al, 2008, p. 305). Furthermore, a child’s personality grows when they begin to socially interact with the environment (Cloninger, Allen, Friedman and Schustack et al, 2008, p. 369). Together, biological/genetic/hereditary and environmental factors influence the development of one’s cognitive processes and personality (Cloninger, Allen, Friedman and Schustack et al, 2008, p. 295).
Many factors can cause an aggressive personality in a child. Biologically/genetically, parents with aggressive personality traits can pass on those traits to the child. One study where DNA samples were obtained from young children and correlated with data from their mothers found that the children with long repeat alleles of the DRD4 gene were described by their mothers as showing aggressive tendencies (Schmidt, 2002). In addition, a parent with a short temper can produce a child who behaves in the same aggressive manner. If parents are easily...
References: Allen, B. & Cloninger, S & Friedman, H. & Schustack, M, (2010). Past and Present Views on
Personality. Custom Edition for Kaplan University. Pearson Custom Publishing.
Jones, T.L., and Prinz (2005). Potential roles of parental self – efficacy in parent and child adjustment.
Schmidt, L.A., Fox, N.A., Rubin, K.H., Hu, S., and Hamer,D.H. (2002). Molecular genetics of shyness and aggression in preschoolers. Personality and Individual differences.
Schultz, D.P., Schultz, S.E., (2008). History of Psychology.
Children and T.V. violence Retrieved on September 17th, 2011 from the website: http://www.aacap.org/cs/root/facts_for_families/children_and_tv_violence.
EHow/How to Videos, Articles and More – Trusted Advice for the Curious Life. Retrieved on September 17th, 2011, from the website: http://www.ehow.com.
(Schunk, D. H., Meece, J.L.). Self efficacy. Retrieved on September, 18th, 2011, from the website http://des.emory.edu/mfp/03SchunkMeeceAdoEd5.pdf.
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