Saturday, August 02, 2014
Facebook and Harmful Effects: Internet Addiction
Unlike reading books and long magazine articles which requires the ability of critical thinking, social networks such as Facebook are the new addiction among people. With its limitless quantities of photos and status updates, which are bright-colored candies for the mind, it’s been difficult to recognize how toxic and harmful Facebook and other social networks can be. In the last five years, researchers from the United States, Europe, South America, China, and other locations have conducted studies related to internet addiction, social media use, and Facebook. From the review of literature detailed in these studies, many researchers have suggested that a new form of internet addiction related to Facebook use has emerged globally. Determining how much use of Facebook is normal and what type of behavior represents addictive or abusive activity is not a simple issue, as work patterns, artistic creativity, photography, text messaging, and family activities can all be involved. The negative consequences of addictive social media use may not be immediately apparent to casual users. With debate ongoing as to whether to include social media addiction as a mental illness in the forthcoming version of the DSM used in clinical psychiatry, a review of current research in psychology and sociology is required to learn the characteristics, symptoms, and treatments for this growing problem. By reviewing individual case studies and surveys of cultural groups, more information about the modern diagnosis of Facebook addiction globally can be found.
People are not rational enough to be exposed to Facebook, which can lead to a change of behaviors. When these changes become negative to the life experience or health of the individual, professionals in mental health care have begun questioning whether social media addiction is a problem that must be addressed in large numbers. Psychological research into internet addiction begins with case studies of individuals that are then reviewed in large groups to combine quantitative and qualitative methods in statistical results. For example, the study by Karaiskos et al. (2010) looked at the example of a 24 year old woman who used Facebook for 5 hours per day, with over 400 friends. The woman had lost her job because of excessive Facebook use, posting status updates and other details to her profile. (Karaiskos et al., 2010) The woman had used the internet for many years without developing addiction to other sites before using Facebook. The Karaiskos study concluded that "Facebook addiction can be considered as an 'urge-driven disorder' with a strong compulsive component... another subcategory of the internet spectrum addiction disorders." (Karaiskos et al., 2010) Recent research by Kuss & Griffiths (2013) found "internet addiction appears as mental health concern for UK university students" and that "3.2% of the students were classified as being addicted to the Internet." (Kuss & Griffiths, 2013) These researchers concluded that there was significant evidence that supported "the inclusion of ‘Internet addiction’ in the DSM-V." (Kuss & Griffiths, 2013) Thus, a wide range of research in psychology and sociology is developing that identifies Facebook addiction as a serious mental health problem.
Facebook consumption is a competitive disadvantage, where the less time spent on Facebook, the bigger the advantage people might have. The case study of the woman given by the Karaiskos study showed how people could use their job because of too much Facebook use. However, the impact of overuse of Facebook and the loss of personal productivity in the workplace can also be found in enterprise studies. For example, companies whose employees are addicted to Facebook may check frequently their profiles or friends' information as to be viewed as wasting time and reducing office or workplace...
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Karaiskos, D., Tzavellas, E., Balta, G., & Paparrigopoulos, T. "Social network addiction : a new clinical disorder?" European Psychiatry, Volume 25, Supplement 1, 2010, Pages 855. Aug. 03, 2014 .
Kuss, D.J. & Griffiths, M.D. "Online Social Networking and Addiction—A Review of the Psychological Literature." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 2011, pp. 3528-3552. PDF.
Kuss, D.J., Griffiths, M.D., & Binder, J.F. "Internet addiction in students: Prevalence and risk factors." Computers in Human Behavior, Volume 29, Issue 3, May 2013, Pages 959–966. Aug. 03, 2014 .
Sherman, Erica. "Facebook Addiction: Factors Influencing an Individual 's Addiction." Honors Thesis Program in the College of Management, Paper 5, 2011. Aug. 03, 2014 .
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