Psychology – Adolescence and Adulthood

Satisfactory Essays
Psychology – Adolescence and Adulthood
Adolescence – a transition period from childhood to adult hood, extending from puberty to adulthood
Physical Development 1) Puberty: a period of sexual maturation during which one first becomes capable of reproducing a) Primary Sex Organs develop * Body structures that make sexual reproduction possible, e.g. ovaries, testes, penis b) Secondary Sex Organs develop * Non-reproductive sexual characteristics, e.g. enlarged breasts, hips, facial hair, deepened voice * Landmarks of Puberty: a) Girls * Breast development (age 10) * Menarche (age 12) * Memorable event; positive event (now a woman), mixture of feelings (excitement, embarrassment, apprehension and pride) b) Boys * First ejaculation (age 14) * Memorable event (most boys can recall their first ejaculation) * Usually occurs as a nocturnal emission(wet dream)

* Timing of Puberty and Psychological Consequences * Sequence of physical changes in puberty is more predictable than their timing * Variations may have psychological consequences a) Girls – Negative Effect * Is larger, taller * As a result: * Object of sexual attention * Have sex at an earlier age * More attention * Teased * Lower grades b) Boys – Positive Effect * Are stronger * More athletic * As a result: * More popular * Self-assured * Independent
Cognitive Development: 1) Developing reasoning power * Formal Operations Stage (Piaget – 4th) * Abstract reasoning * Deduce consequences * Reason hypothetically * Spot hypocrisy 2) Developing morality – Kohlberg * Refers to thinking that occurs as we consider right and wrong * Kohlberg posed moral dilemmas to children, adolescents and adults * Not interested in one’ moral position, but their reasons for their stance * Morality depends on cognitive stage of development * Kohlberg – as we

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Adolescence and Adulthood

    • 558 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Adolescence and Adulthood PSY/202 November 13, 2011 Professor Mason Psychosocial development stage during adolescence happens during this stage. This is when you are testing, trying to find who you are, your strengths, and what kinds of roles are best suited to play for the rest of your life (Feldman, 2010). This stage is where you discover your identify. I discovered my own role and personality I believe I was around twelve years old. I realized I was good with others, had lots of patience…

    • 558 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Adolescence and Adulthood

    • 640 Words
    • 3 Pages

    fourteen are considered to be in the early stages of adolescence. The young adults between the ages of fifteen and sixteen are considered to be in the middle of adolescences, Teenagers between seventeen and nineteen are considered to be in the late stages of adolescences (Reynolds, 2001). During the first phases teenagers normally stick to groups of the same sex and avoid intermixing with the opposite sex. While they graduate to the second stage of adolescence, teenagers tend to spend most of their time…

    • 640 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Adolescence and Late Adulthood Adolescence, the developmental stage between childhood and adulthood, is marked by the onset of puberty, the point at which sexual maturity occurs. The age at which puberty begins has implications for the way people view themselves and the way others see them. One of the most important stages during adolescence is the psychosocial development stage. Psychosocial development encompasses the way people’s understanding of themselves, one another, and the world around…

    • 497 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Adolescence and Adulthood Stages Adolescence transitions into adulthood, a stage that an individual will remain in for the rest of their time on the Earth. Though the transition exists it may be important to remember that many changes still occur in adolescence, changes which allow for an individual to become an adult. Once the adult stage of life has been reached it can be broken down into three modes which give us early, middle, and late adulthood. As with other stages and periods of life…

    • 2792 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Adolescence and Adulthood PSY/202 April 29, 2012 Adolescence and Adulthood The psychosocial development stage during adolescence is the search for identity. Psychosocial development encompasses the way peoples understanding for themselves, one another and the world around them changes during the course of development. I think that around the age of 15 years old I was beginning to go through this stage. I got my first part time job and no longer felt that I needed my parents to give me…

    • 508 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Adolescence psychology

    • 671 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Adolescence Psychology 3/2/11 Multiple Choice 30 questions, Chapters 1-4 Early, Middle & Late Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood, Learning or Information Processes Theories. Piaget, Freud, Free Fundamental Changes (John Hill) Ecological perspective, Bronsenbrenner (main developmental changes) Adolescence Marginality, Ruth Benedict (differences between clarity and continuity), Puberty (biological changes, contextual aspects that can effect the timing of puberty) Endocrine system HPG access, roles of…

    • 671 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Week 6 Checkpoint: Changes from Adolescence Through Adulthood PSY/210 For each of three developmental domains: physical, cognitive, and social/personality, identify two major changes or challenges associated with that developmental stage (adolescence, young adulthood, middle adulthood, and late adulthood). |Stage of Development |Physical Development |Cognitive Development |Social/Personality Development | |Adolescence |The main change…

    • 1002 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Human Behavior in the Social Environment II “Middle Adulthood: A Second Adolescence New York University Silver School of Social Work Spring 2014 Biological Factors: Demographic: Lester is a 42 year old, straight white male. He lives in an upper middle class neighborhood, a suburb, with his wife, Caroline and teenage daughter Jane. He finds both his personal as well as professional life unfulfilling. He feels both his wife and daughter have nothing but contempt for him and his work performance…

    • 3974 Words
    • 16 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Adolescence In looking at the Early History of Adolescence there was a lot of speculation on the development of Adolescents, not until the 20th Century did scientific exploration of adolescence begin. The early part of the 20th century is when the invention of the term adolescence comes into being. G. Stanley Hall was the father of scientific study of adolescence. Socioeconomic, ethnic, cultural, gender, age and lifestyle difference influence the development of every adolescent. Though around…

    • 388 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Adolescence Adolescents: Who are they? Adolescence* (from a Latin word meaning “to grow up”) is a transitional stage between childhood and adulthood. In some ways adolescents resemble the children they were, yet the many changes they undergo during this stage ensure that they will be different from children in many respects. Similarly, we see glimpses of the adults the adolescents will come, but more often we observe that they don’t behave like adults. As adolescents mature, we see fewer resemblances…

    • 17465 Words
    • 70 Pages
    Better Essays