Aspects of Psychology
Unit 1 Individual Project
The three early perspectives (theories) of psychology that I have chosen were Functionalism, Cognitive, and Humanistic. We will discuss these three perspectives in the following. They are three different school of thought in the field of psychology. “Functionalism psychology focuses on how mental and behavioral processes function. They enable organism to adapt, flourish and survive.” Functionalism is the doctrine that what makes something a thought, desire, pain (or any other type of mental state) depends not on its internal constitution, but solely on its function, or the role it plays, in the cognitive system of which it is a part. Functionalism is a school of thought is geared more toward helping people adapt to whatever environment they are presently in. Whatever surrounding a individual would find themselves in, they would have the skills to adapt using this form of psychology of Functionalism. More precisely, functionalist theories take the identity of a mental state to be determined by its causal relations to sensory stimulations, other mental states, and behavior. In fact more of the sensory skills are used in the school of thought of Functionalism. An example of Functionalism would come from not only the experimentation, but also from the study of children, other animals, and the mentally ill. . The Cognitive –Behavioristic has two perspectives combined together when it comes to psychology. There is cognitive psychology that focuses on thinking processes and behaviorism. This describes how behavior is learned. Some aspects of a Cognitive person would be Polarized thinking, Overgeneralization, and Always Being Right. For instance, a Cognitive person might say they failed a task even before attempting the task. Overgeneralization is when a person gathers a general conclusion or assumption from something that happened in the past or similar situation and believes the same out come...
Bibliography: Board, E. (2011). Introduction to Psychology. Words of Wisdom, LLC.
Levin, J. (2010, June 01). Functionalism. Retrieved 10 06, 2012, from The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2010/entries/functionalism/
McLeod, S. (2007). Cognitive Psychology. Retrieved from Simply Psychology: http://www.simplypsychology.org/Cognitive.html
Mcleod, S. (2007). Humanism Psychology. Retrieved from Simply Psychology: http://www.simplypsychology.org/humanistic.html
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