June 16, 2013
Throughout the years, there have been many different forms of learning associated with different examples. Learning in this area of responsibility will be focused on conditioning. Conditioning is defined in the text as the learning association that occurs in an organism’s environment. (Weiten, 2008. p 187). There are two types of conditioning, Classical and Operant conditioning. I will distinguish and describe between the two conditionings with examples. Classical and operant conditioning are two important concepts central to behavioral psychology. While both result in learning, the processes are quite different. To understand how each of these behavior limitation techniques can be used, it is also vital to know how the two differ from one another. Let’s start by looking at some basic differences. One simple way to remember the difference between the two conditionings is to make the center of attraction whether the behavior is voluntary (willing) or involuntary (unwilling). Classical conditioning draws in making an association between an involuntary response and stimulus, while operant conditioning is all about making association between a voluntary behavior and a consequence. Classical conditioning is defined as a type of learning in which a stimulus acquires the capacity to evoke a response that was originally evoked by another stimulus. How does classical condition works? Even if an individual is not a psychology student, he or she has probably heard about Pavlov’s dog at least one or twice. In this famous experiment (Pavlov 1906) noticed dogs began to salivate in response to a tone after the sound had been repeatedly paired with a representation of food. Pavlov quickly realized and set out to further investigate the conditioning process.
Another type of conditioning is the operant conditioning. From the text, quotes “in the 1930s, this kind of learning was christened operant conditioning by B.F Skinner (1938,...
References: Weiten, Wayne. (2008) Theme and Variations 8E Briefer Version
Skinner, B. F. (1953) Science and Human Behavior. New York. Macmillan
Pavlov, I. P. (1927). Conditioned Reflexes. London Oxford University Press
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