Psychology 100 Test Review

Topics: Neuron, Nervous system, Brain, Cerebrum, Action potential / Pages: 8 (1799 words) / Published: Oct 11th, 2010
What is psychology? The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Development of psychology as a science Wilhelm Wundt founded the first psychology laboratory. Student of Wudnt 's, E.B. Titchner named Wundt 's approach structuralism. William James gave field an "American Stamp," invented functionalism
Contemporary approaches to psychology Biological Approach (focus on the body) Neuroscience Behavioral Approach (behavioral responses and their environmental determinants) Psychodynamic Approach (unconcious thought, early family experiences, etc) Sigmund Freud Humanistic Approach (positive qualities, capacity for growth, freedom to choose destiny) Cognitive Approach (mental processes involved in knowing how we direct our attention, how we perceive, how we remember, etc) Evolutionary Approach (uses evolutionary ideas such as adaptation, reproduction, and "survival of the fittest" as the basis for explaining specific human behaviors) Sociocultural Approach (examines the ways in which the social and cultural environments influence behavior.)
What is psychology 's scientific method? Observe some phenominon, forumulating hypotheses and predictions, testing through empirical research, drawing conclusions, evaluating conclusions
Research settings & Types of research Laboratory and Naturalistic Types... Descriptive (Observation, Surveys and Interviews, Standardized Tests, Case studies) Correlational (Positive and Negative Correlations... measured -1.00 to 1.00, closer to 1.00 either a positive or negative correlation is, the STRONGER, Correlation and Causation) Experimental Research
Analyzing and Interpretting Data Descriptive statistics: Mathematical procedures that are used to describe and summarize sets of data in a meaningful way Mean: Statistical measure of central tendency that is calculated by adding all the scores in a set and then dividing by the number of scores Median: Statistical measure of

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