The 7 Subfields of Psychology
Developmental Psychology - The study of how people grow and change physically cognitively, emotionally, and socially from the prenatal period through death. Subfields include: child, adolescent, and life-span psychology.
Physiological Psychology - Investigates the biological basis of behavior. Subfield include: neuroscience, biological psychology, and behavior genetics.
Experimental Psychology - Investigates basic psychological processes such as sensation and perception, memory, intelligence, learning, and motivation.
Personality Psychology - Studies the differences between individuals on such traits as sociability, emotional stability, conscientiousness, and self-esteem.
Clinical and Counseling - Applies the principles of psychology to mental health and adjustment. Clinical psychology focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders while counseling psychology is more concerned with “normal” adjustment issues such as making difficult choices or coping with a troubled relationship.
Social Psychology - Explores how society influences thoughts, feelings, and behavior.
Industrial and Organizational (I/O) Psychology - Applies the principles of psychology to the workplace.
Psychologists cannot prescribe medications where a Psychiatrist can (PHD)
Person-Situation - To what extent is behavior caused by such internal processes as thoughts, emotions, motives, attitudes, values, personality, and genes? In contrast, to what extent is behavior caused by such external factors as incentives, environmental cues, and the presence of other people? We will encounter these questions most directly in our consideration of behavior genetics, learning, emotion and motivation, personality, and social psychology.
Nature-Nurture - To what extent are we a product of innate, inborn tendencies, and to what extent are we a reflection of experiences and