Psychodynamic Theorist Paper

Topics: Sigmund Freud, Psychoanalysis, Unconscious mind Pages: 6 (1139 words) Published: January 28, 2015

Psychodynamic Theorist Paper
Angie Widman-Anderson
January 19, 2014
Denise Wiseman

Psychodynamic Theorist Paper
Sigmund Freud was a critical influence on the psychodynamic theory. This article will explain why Freud’s work is so influential. This article will also discuss two analysts that dissent from Freud’s viewpoint and why. And lastly this paper will discuss a few psychoanalytic concepts that are relevant to today’s culture. Freud Background

Freud had training in medical sciences (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). He wanted to create a theory of persons (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). However, his approach to data was much different than other scientists (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). He never ran tests in a laboratory nor used psychological tests (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). He based his theories on clinical case studies (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). Freud believed that the mind is part of the body (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). People know Freud as the father of psychology (Psychology Media Suite, 2015). He researched into the human unconscious which was new territory and an area that people had not tried to discover (Psychology Media Suite, 2015). However, he has received mixed reviews many saw him as a genius, while other view him as arrogant and rigid (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). Even Freud himself knew that there were people who had doubts about his research (Psychology Media Suite, 2015). This debate still continues today and even fueled an exhibit at Washington's Library of Congress (Psychology Media Suite, 2015). Freud has had a profound impact on the world (Psychology Media Suite, 2015). However, much of his work is unsupported (Psychology Media Suite, 2015). Id, ego, and superego.

The heart of Freud’s theory is the id, ego, and superego (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). This concept was his revised model (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). The id, ego, and superego are each a unique mental system, with their separate functions (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). The id is considered the pleasure principle and provides the energy (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). The superego is the opposite of the id (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). The superego is our voice of reason (Cervone & Pervin, 2010).The superego handles our ethical standards (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). The ego takes its assignments from the reality principle (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). The function of the ego is to allow pleasure with little consequences (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). The ego is weaker than its counterparts (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). It can also understand the difference between fantasy and truth (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). Freud Challengers

As Freud became well known he attracted more followers (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). However, many of these followers began to reject his theories (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). Alfred Adler and Carl G. Jung were among the many analysts to break from Freud. Both Adler and Jung went on to create their theories (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). Alfred Adler

“Perhaps most significant in Adler’s split from Freud was his greater emphasis on social urges and conscious thoughts than on instinctual sexual urges and unconscious processes” (Cervone & Pervin, 2010, p. 134). Adler became interested in how people compensate for body weakness (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). Adler believed that people may feel inferior and will make attempts to compensate for their inferiority (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). For example, a person, who stutters as a child, may aspire to become a public speaker as an adult (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). This theory of thinking is not limited to those with disabilities (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). This theory applies to all people because all individuals struggle with inferiority at some point (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). All children struggle with inferiority (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). As children, we watch adults or older children who can do things we are not yet capable of (Cervone & Pervin, 2010). Carl G. Jung

Jung first became impressed with...

References: Cervone, D., & Pervin, L. A. (2010). Personality: Theory and research (11th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Psychology Media Suite. Films On Demand. Films Media Group, 2008. Web. 18 Jan. 2015. .
Taubner, S., Buchheim, A., Rudyk, R., Kächele, H., & Bruns, G. (2012). How does neurobiological research influence psychoanalytic treatments?--clinical observations and reflections from a study on the interface of clinical psychoanalysis and neuroscience. American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 72(3), 269-86. doi:
Yakeley, J., & Meloy, J., Understanding violence: Does psychoanalytic thinking matter?, Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 17, Issue 3, May–June 2012, Pages 229-239, ISSN 1359-1789,
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