The Psychodynamic Approach
* Assumes that a large part of out mental life operates at an unconscious level * It is assumed that unconscious sexual and aggressive instincts drive behaviour * The personality is made up of the id, the ego and the superego, which are in constant conflict * Defence mechanisms protect individuals from anxiety producing thoughts * It is assumed that early childhood experiences are important to understanding current behaviour * Children develop though psychosexual stages which involve conflict which mist be resolved * Assumes that dreams and slips of the tongue have unconscious explanations * Assumes that the best method for understanding human behaviour is the case study Freud
* Focuses on unconscious/internal conflicts.
* Unconscious motivation
* Adult behaviour shaped by childhood experiences.
* Developed therapy called psychoanalysis – unconscious can be looked into consciously Personality Structure
* Id – Pleasure principle, unconscious urges and desires * Ego – Reality principle, decides what actions are appropriate * Superego – Value and morals. It’s also the conscience and ego-ideal. Defence Mechanism
Repression – Unconscious forgetting. Disturbing thoughts not allowed becoming conscious Displacement – Transferring impulses and feelings to an originally neutral or innocent target Projection – Attributing ones own unacceptable feeling onto another person Identification – behaving in a similar way to someone you regard as a role model Sublimation: Type of displacement where an activity is found to express an unacceptable desire. Denial: Deny a situation you can’t deal with
Mind is Split up into the following:
1. Oral Stage 0-1 years
2. Anal Stage 1-3 years
3. Phallic Stage 3-6 years
4. Latency Stage 6-12 years
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