Psychoanalytic Personality Assessment

Topics: Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Psychoanalysis Pages: 4 (1479 words) Published: December 2, 2013


Psychoanalytic Personality Assessment
Glenta Glass
PSY250
November 18, 2013
Dr. Deborah Watson

Psychoanalytic Personality Assessment
The development and theories of psychoanalysis has spanned more than a generation with the conception by Sigmund Freud and many others in the field of psychology. These key figures provided the foundation for future psychoanalyst to build upon and improve. Although the theories are similar many ideas and studies have evolved to answer the most primitive questions regarding the personality of humans. What began as a one man inquiry into the psychological field has expanded into a community of innovators that have broadened the psychoanalytic theory and practice through their own experiences. Pioneers of psychology, Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, and Alfred Adler shared many ideas and theories and were even colleagues at different times. While there is no denying that these men shared the desire to search for a better understanding of the psychological frailties and the explanation of these, no one can debate their contributions to the modern science of psychology. The Freudian theory suggests the mind is constructed into two main parts, the conscious and the unconscious. His personality theory is divided into three parts consisting of the id, ego, and the superego and the stages are oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital with an emphasis on sexual motivation. He also theorized that individuals express defense mechanisms in stages of development to protect the id, ego, and superego brought about by the unconscious mind to manipulate, deny, or distort reality in order to defend the feelings of anxiety and unacceptable impulses to maintain one’s self. Freud’s ideas are more complex and extensive. Carl Jung’s theories were based in spiritual phenomena through dreams, myth, art, and philosophy. His theory was that individuation was a necessary process for an individual to become a whole through the conscious and...

References: Adler Graduate School. (n.d.). Alfred Adler: Theory and Application. Retrieved from http://www.alfredadler.edu/about/theory
Cherry, K. (2011). Psychology.about.com. Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/sigmundfreud/a/freudian-theory.htm
Frager, R., & Fadiman, J. (2005). Personality and Personal Growth (6th ed.). New York, NY: Pearson Prentice Hall.
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