Psychoanalytic Personality Assessment

Topics: Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Psychoanalysis Pages: 6 (2137 words) Published: June 26, 2013
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PSY/250|
Psychoanalytic Personality Assessment|
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Dorian Durham|
11/9/2011|

Instructor: Tara Hodgens
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Understanding the meaning of “Personality” is to know oneself by placing descriptors such as kind, understanding, honest, loving, and many more descriptors can be added to describe personality. To obtain what personality is “we” have to enter the minds Psychoanalysis. Sigmund Freud theories are the corner stone of Psychoanalytical concepts and Defense Mechanisms. Freud’s work is now the most heavily cited in all psychology, and it is extensively referenced in many of the humanities as well (Freidman & Schustack, 2009) According to Personality: Classic Theories and Modern Research (4th ed.), Friedman, H.S., & Schustak, M.W. (2009) Freud’s psychoanalytic theories consisted of the conscious and the unconscious. Freud’s findings prove to show people are not consciously in touch with the inner conflicts that causes their observable mental and physical problems. Freud developed processes for” free” association, spontaneous, free-flowing associations of ideas and feelings. Freud elaborates on the unconscious by using dreams as a product of the mind inaccessible to usual, conscious thoughts (Freud, 1913). Dreams are a part of individuals psyche. According to Personality: Classic Theories and Modern Research (4th ed.), Friedman, H.S., & Schustak, M.W. (2009) Freud referred to the undifferentiated core of personality using terms as translated as id (meaning it), and it is the basic psychic energy and motivation, often called instincts or impulses. The personality structure that develops to deal with the real world Freud termed the ego (called I), and the ego operates according to the reality principle; it must solve “real” problems. Individuals are shaped by our parents and the rest of society to follow moral rules. The personality structure that emerges to internalize these societal rules is termed the superego. Freud thought of it as the Over-I meaning above (I) because it ruled over the ego or I. Another of Freud’s contribution to Psychoanalytic theories according to Personality: Classic: Theories and Modern Research (4th ed.), Friedman, H.S., & Schustak, M.W. (2009) consisted of Psychosexual stages of development. Within these theories are: Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latent, and Genital. The Oral stage is birth to 18 months old, and dependent on the mother’s breast to satisfy their hunger and thirst. When weaned this causes a conflict between the desire to remain in a state of dependent security and the biological and psychological necessity of being weaned (growing up). This causes the conflict id and ego. The Anal stage is 18 months to three years, the urges of the id, takes pleasure in the relief-the tension reduction of defecating. Parents, however; want to control when and where the child urinates and defecates. In other words, the parents wants society's proscription against unbridle defecation represented in the child’s superego. Phallic stage three years to six years, this is when the child is fixated on the genitals. Children explore their genitals and masturbate, and focus on the differences between boys and girls. By the age of six years children have a good sense of their gender identity. Latency stage six years to 12 years, sexual energies are channeled into such activities as going to school and making friends. Finally the Genital stage, when a child has progressed to this stage without leaving large amounts of libido fixated at earlier stages, normal sexual functioning is possible. Freud claims if conflicts between stages are not resolved; the individual would become fixated at that stage. According to Personality: Classic Theories and Modern Research (4th ed.), Friedman, H.S., & Schustak, M.W. (2009) Freud developed complex but influential theories of defense mechanisms. The mechanisms are as followed: regression, reaction formation, sublimation, denial, projection,...
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