May 13, 2014
There are many different types of theories and schools of thought when it comes to psychology, but the psychoanalytic theory is one of the most interesting. The psychoanalytic theory can sometimes be known to have two identities. It is a comprehensive theory that is focused on behavior, experience, human nature and motivation. It is also a treatment that is used to help patients with psychological and other problems in their lives.
Some of the most influential thinkers and contributors to the modern science of psychology were Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung and Alfred Adler. Freud basically viewed the human psyche from a sexual point of view. He believed that the mind contained these three components: the id, the ego and superego. He believed that these different parts in a human's mind often conflicted with one another, which caused the shaping of that individuals personality. Two other ideas that Freud believed in was the death drive and the life drive. The life drive means that someone survives by avoiding dangerous or uncomfortable situations. The death drive is when a person pursues extreme pleasure that was thought to eventually lead to death. Both Adler and Jung believed in some basics of Freud's but branched off with their own theories and ideas. Instead of looking at it in a sexual manner, Jung believed that the human mind was more of a religious tool. He believed that dreams played a huge role in the human psyche and thought it was important to integrate the conscious and unconscious mind. Adler's theory was that humans have a sense of inferiority that is believed to be the basic psychological element of neurosis. Adler believed that if an individual developed neurotic symptoms during childhood then some of their adult behavior would reflect the age at which they stopped developing. Although I do not completely agree with any of the three theories, there are certain ideas that I do agree with. For example, I agree with Adler on the fact that an individual will act the age at which they stopped developing, even as they get older. I also strongly agree with Jung on his belief that the unconscious mind contains significant insight into the human mind. I think that dreams subconsciously show us our true selves and our true desires. Some things that I do not agree with are Freud's belief that the human psyche should be looked at in a sexual manner. I do not think that people's minds have that much to do with sexual motivation and psychosexual development. Freud believed that only a professional would be able to break apart and understand the meaning of a person's dreams and I do not agree with that either. I believe anyone can understand what the meaning is behind their dreams and subconsciously know what it is trying to tell them.
Freud believed in many different and controversial ideas. Some of his main ideas were that the human mind is driven by a natural sexual desire. He believed that we, as organisms, act to survive and reproduce. The three characteristics to this idea are the id, the ego, and the superego. The id is the demand to satisfy needs immediately. It is his belief that if this certain need is not met right away then the desire will only get stronger for that individual. The ego is more realistic and reasonable, this desire is not as strong. The superego, which can be referred to as society, helps remember and aid the mind. It tells the mind what to avoid and what strategies to follow. The superego is made up of two parts. 1) Conscience: internalization of punishments/warnings. 2) Ego ideal: rewards and positive reinforcement. Basically, the superego represents society and it's needs, which can sometimes be different than the needs of the id. When certain demands conflict with the ego, it can cause a person to feel overwhelmed or threatened. Freud believed that this is what caused...
References: Freud, A. (1937). The Ego and the Mechanisms of Defense, London: Hogarth Press and Institute of Psycho-Analysis.
Freud, S. (1894). The neuro-psychoses of defence. SE, 3: 41-61.
Freud, S. (1896). Further remarks on the neuro-psychoses of defence. SE, 3: 157-185.
Freud, S. (1933). New Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis. London: Hogarth Press and Institute of Psycho-Analysis. Pp. xi + 240.
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