Psychoanalytic Approach Charris Edens PSY/250 May 13, 2014 Jorey Krawczyn
May 13, 2014
There are many different types of theories and schools of thought when it comes to psychology, but the psychoanalytic theory is one of the most interesting. The psychoanalytic theory can sometimes be known to have two identities. It is a comprehensive theory that is focused on behavior, experience, human nature and motivation. It is also a treatment that is used to help patients with psychological and other problems in their lives. Some of the most influential thinkers and contributors to the modern science of psychology were Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung and Alfred Adler. Freud basically viewed the human psyche from a sexual point of view. He believed that the mind contained these three components: the id, the ego and superego. He believed that these different parts in a human 's mind often conflicted with one another, which caused the shaping of that individuals personality. Two other ideas that Freud believed in was the death drive and the life drive. The life drive means that someone survives by avoiding dangerous or uncomfortable situations. The death drive is when a person pursues extreme pleasure that was thought to eventually lead to death. Both Adler and Jung believed in some basics of Freud 's but branched off with their own theories and ideas. Instead of looking at it in a sexual manner, Jung believed that the human mind was more of a religious tool. He believed that dreams played a huge role in the human psyche and thought it was important to integrate the conscious and unconscious mind. Adler 's theory was that humans have a sense of inferiority that is believed to be the basic psychological element of neurosis. Adler believed that if an individual developed neurotic symptoms during childhood then some of their adult behavior would reflect the age at which they stopped developing. Although I do not completely agree with any of the
References: Freud, A. (1937). The Ego and the Mechanisms of Defense, London: Hogarth Press and Institute of Psycho-Analysis. Freud, S. (1894). The neuro-psychoses of defence. SE, 3: 41-61. Freud, S. (1896). Further remarks on the neuro-psychoses of defence. SE, 3: 157-185. Freud, S. (1933). New Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis. London: Hogarth Press and Institute of Psycho-Analysis. Pp. xi + 240.