Psychoanalysis By Priyanka Katrela S
Transactional analysis Ego states: For Freud, the ego is "the representative of the outer world to the id. In other words, the ego represents and enforces the reality-principle whereas the id is concerned only with the pleasure-principle. Whereas the ego is oriented towards perceptions in the real world, the id is oriented towards internal instincts; whereas the ego is associated with reason and sanity, the id belongs to the passions. The ego, however, is never able fully to distinguish itself from the id, of which the ego is, in fact, a part, which is why in his pictorial representation of the mind Freud does not provide a hard separation between the ego and the id. The ego could also be said to be a defense against the superego and its ability to drive the individual subject towards inaction or suicide as a result of crippling guilt. Freud sometimes represents the ego as continually struggling to defend itself from three dangers or masters: "from the external world, from the libido of the id, and from the severity of the super-ego "This explains about the various ego states while responding to situations. The various ego states are: 1) Parent State 2) Child State 3) Adult State
In the parent states and child states, people react to the situation emotionally where as in the adult state, things are rationalized. Complementary transaction: In this case, we get a response from the same ego state.
Crossed transaction: Here, response is received from another ego state. Ulterior transaction : This transaction is dangerous at times and leads to disruption of communication. The tone doesn’t match the ego state. Let us take some examples from the movie. In a particular scene, Virus reminds Farhan and Raju about their family’s financial status and suggests them to shift to Chatur’s room so that they can concentrate only on studies. Virus has super ego. Here he has the state which is critical parent state by showing authority, exercising control. At the end of the movie, Farhan tries to convince his father to take up photography as his career. In that scene, initially his father was in a nurturing parent state and Id ego stage and Farhan is in an adult state. Thus a crossed-transaction took place in the beginning. Later Farhan started convincing his father, after which he started to rationalize things. Finally, both of them came into adult state and a complementary transaction took place, after which both of them are satisfied. Another scene where Pia's father, Virus, asks her if she helped Rancho and the other two guys with the keys, she says yes and tells the reason. She gets angry and blames her father for her brother's death. Here she acquires a adult ego stage. Raju tries committing suicide and this shows he was in a Child state and ego stage. Rancho acts represents as a parent state in many places when he advises and makes his friend's understand and force them to follow what their heart says. He even shows a mark of Id and adult state. He makes Pia realize how her decision to marry Suhaas is wrong, he proves Virus that he is genius without mugging up the books.
Chatur has super ego and is always been in adult state. He always blows hos trumpet and is always aggressive. The theory of personality developed by Freud that focuses on repression and unconscious forces and includes the concepts of infantile sexuality, resistance, transference, and division of the psyche into the id, ego, and superego. Defense mechanisms In Freudian psychoanalytic theory, defence mechanisms are unconscious psychological strategies brought into play by various entities to cope with reality and to maintain self-image. Healthy persons normally use different defences throughout life. Repression/ Denial The ego's mechanism for suppressing and forgetting its instinctual impulses. Rancho: He never confesses the fact that he is in love with Pia when his friends tease him. Thus he is in a denial stage. Pia:...
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