Psychoanalysis Chysanthemums

Topics: John Steinbeck, Sigmund Freud, Novella Pages: 4 (1266 words) Published: October 6, 2010
กฤตยา ปุณยฤทัยพงศ์ 5006611239

The Chrysanthemums
This is my Analysis of the short story “Chrysanthemums” using Freudian Theory (Psycho Analysis). The short story “Chrysanthemums” is written by John Steinbeck. John Ernst Steinbeck, Jr. was born in Salinas, California on February 27, 1902 He is an American writer. He wrote many Pulitzer Prize-winning novels, “The Grapes of Wrath (1939)” , “East of Eden (1952)” and “the novella Of Mice and Men (1937)”. In 1962, Steinbeck received the Nobel Prize for Literature. The short story “Chrysanthemums” was first published in October 1937 Harper's. Also this short story was included in John Steinbeck's 1938 short story collection, “The Long Valley”. This story is about the married life of an energetic thirty-five year old woman who appears to be a very strong and masculine woman, Elisa Allen. She lives with her husband, Henry Allen. She loves to plant chrysanthemums. Her chrysanthemums are known to be the biggest and the most beautiful chrysanthemums in the whole neighborhood and this is the only thing she is proud of in her life. The story opens with the beautiful scenic view of Salinas Valley and then continues to explain her relationship with her husband, how misery she has and there comes the tinker who changes her world and makes her feel more feminine. In the end, the story unfolds itself with the subtle, fascinating and thinkable ending. This short story basically is about an unhappy marriage but the more you read it the more you love how John Steinbeck created a compelling and well-managed plot and his skill for using symbol to make the story be more subtle and interesting. Now, let’s focus on the protagonist, Elisa by using psycho analysis by Sigmund Freud. The first one is Elisa Allen. From the first page, according to psycho analysis theory, I notice that Elisa has a penis envy. She watches three men come and go while she works hard at her flower bed. “… and saw Henry, her husband talking to two men in...
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