Psychology as a Science
Psychologies earliest discovery can be dated back to the 17th century. When Rene Descartes introduced the idea of dualism. Dualism is defined as the mind and body, being separate from one another in order to create the human experience. Psychology has always been a branch of philosophy until the 1870s, where it was developed into an independent scientific field in Germany. Psychology as a field of study began in 1879, when Wilhelm Wundt founded the first laboratory exclusively for psychological research in Leipzig. Wundt was also the first person to refer to himself as a psychologist and wrote the first textbook on psychology: Principles of Physiological Psychology.
Psychology had its separation from the field of philosophy in the late 1870s, at this point Psychology became its own branch of science. Science greatly revolves around Empiricism, which states that the only true source of knowledge comes through our senses, and experience. By gaining knowledge through experiment, lead to the development of scientific enquiry.
Scientific enquiry focuses on three main topics, what to do with a theory, the foundation of your hypotheses, and actual methods of enquiry. The main method of enquiry in science is the experiment. An experiment is conducted with an independent, dependent, and extraneous variable. This creates a cause and effect for each experiment. This is why I believe psychology is considered a science. It follows the same guidelines as any other experiment that would be conducted in a Biology class.
Science is the human attempt to better understand the history of the natural world and how the natural world works, with observable physical evidence as the basis of that understanding. The main idea in Psychology is to find out how mind and behavior work. The only way to find out the answer to this is by experiment along with trial and error. All science is conducted with experiments that help to draw conclusions...
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