The study of evolutionary behaviors
Infants have a number of behaviors that are biologically programmed that serve the purpose of bringing adults close to them and caring for them – infants cry as a distress signal
Infants physical appearance also develops from natural selection
Sensitive periods: period of time when it is most optimal to see a behavior, or develop a relationship. He argued that the first 3 years are a sensitive period for the development of social attachments
Mating preferences: men and woman tend to have different strategies when it comes to mating practices. Males: more, younger, and attractive. Females: fewer(selective with eggs), powerful, and mature.
Scarr and McCartney – argued that our genes determine the kind of environment we are exposed to and the way that environment will interact:
Evocative- our own traits invoke the environments responses. Kids who are physically attractive are likely to evoke a more favorable environment
Active- the child themselves chooses the environment they are within. They actively choose to focus on an environment that is consistent with their own skills. Athletes- athletic environment
Siblings should be more similar as they are younger and as they are older they should become more different because they invoke different responses from their environments.
Ecological Systems theory
Bronfenbrenner: argued that as kids developed they are embedded in a series of social contexts. Those contexts influence one another, and the child. The contexts are complicated and intertwined. Social period you are in may have a particular influence as well.
The micro-system: variables and contexts that surround the child, that they interact with, and that influence the child.
Meso-system: the ways the microsystem may be related. Eg. Families influence schools, schools influence