Psych

Topics: Psychology, Intelligence, Personality psychology, Attachment theory, Developmental psychology / Pages: 9 (2054 words) / Published: Apr 21st, 2013
Development

1. What is habituation? How is it used to study infant abilities? 2. At birth, babies have the abilities to 1) recognize patterns, 2) respond to their mother’s voices, 3) learn. We saw three videos illustrating the research behind these claims. What was the evidence that babies can learn events? 3. What is a cross-sectional study? What is a longitudinal study? What is a cohort? 4. What emotions are found in babies at birth? What emotions appear between 2-4 months? 5. What is the effect of deprivation on development? Define teratogen. Identify some common teratogens. Identify the causes and symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). 6. The lecturer provided two examples of how enrichment can enhance development: the visual cliff and the “sticky mitten” intervention. What does each of these suggest about innate abilities and the impact of experience on development? Is enrichment always a good idea? 7. What is the “great debate” in developmental psychology? Who is Jean Piaget? What was his theory of development (stages or continuous?) 8. Describe the cognitive processes of assimilation and accommodation. What is a schema and what is it used for? 9. What are Piaget’s four stages of cognitive development? What are the characteristics of each stage, that is, what are object permanence, representational thought, conservation, egocentrism, mental operations, concrete thinking, abstract thinking? How do researchers define when one has moved from one stage to the next? Describe the changes in cognitive functioning revealed by the classic conservation tests (pouring colored water into different size containers; lining up pennies.) 10. Developmental researchers have been testing Piaget’s theory and improving it. What do researchers mean by object concepts, number concepts and person concepts? Describe Rene Baillargeon’s research on object permanence. What can we conclude about Piaget’s model based on her findings? What are

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