One of the more recent ideas to emerge is Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences. Instead of focusing on the analysis of test scores, Gardner proposed that numerical expressions of human intelligence are not a full and accurate depiction of people's abilities. His theory describes eight distinct intelligences that are based on skills and abilities that are valued within different cultures. The eight intelligences Gardner described are: Visual-spatial Intelligence, Verbal-linguistic Intelligence, Bodily-kinesthetic Intelligence, Logical-mathematical Intelligence, Interpersonal Intelligence, Musical Intelligence, Intrapersonal Intelligence, and Naturalistic Intelligence.
Psychologist Robert Sternberg defined intelligence as "mental activity directed toward purposive adaptation to, selection and shaping of, real-world environments relevant to one’s life." While he agreed with Gardner that intelligence is much broader than a single, general ability, he instead suggested some of Gardner's intelligences are better viewed as individual talents. Sternberg proposed what he refers to as 'successful intelligence,' which is comprised of three different factors: Analytical intelligence, this component refers to problem-solving abilities. Creative intelligence, this aspect of intelligence involves the ability to deal with new situations using past experiences and current skills. Practical intelligence, this element refers to the ability to adapt to a changing environment. This theory is referred Triarchic Theory of Intelligence
The theory of intelligence that I feel best applies to me is the Triarchic Theory of Intelligence.
SparkNotes Editors. (2005). SparkNote on Intelligence. Retrieved March 14, 2013, from http://www.sparknotes.com/psychology/psych101/intelligence/
Gardner, H. (1983). Frames of mind: The theory of multiple intelligences. New York: Basic Books.
Spearman, C. (1904). "General intelligence," objectively determined and measured. American Journal of Psychology 15, 201-293.
Sternberg, R. J. (1985). Beyond IQ: A Triarchic Theory of Intelligence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Thurstone, L.L. (1938). Primary mental abilities. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Rathus, Spencer A. (2012). PSYCH (2nd. Ed.). Belm