PSYC 430 Research Paper
Abnormal Psychology and
Major Depressive Disorder
Abnormal Psychology and
Major Depressive Disorder
This research paper will examine the concepts of psychopathology, or abnormal psychology and how it deals with a various set of symptoms or behaviors that manifested by functional impairments in a person’s life. Psychological disorders (e.g. Major Depressive Disorder) and the causes of abnormal behaviour have been understood by a various different theories and have been documented throughout historical transformations. Additionally, this research illustrates the Causes of the Depression, Treatments of Major Depression, Preventive Strategies and Tips, Biblical Worldviews, as well as, cross cultural era’s. Behavioral models tend to focus on learned occurrences that result in psychopathology, whereby cognitive models tend to focus on the effects of distorted thought patterns within a clients state of mind. It is imperative to the understanding of psychopathology perspectives that provide clinicians a structure for how psychopathology progress can develop from infancy to being an adult. Lastly, with these perspectives in mind, it can aid in better understanding regarding the copious disorders that are documented throughout the classification manuals, such as outlined in the DSM-IV. Abnormal Psychology and Major Depressive Disorder
According to the DSM-IV (2003), people who suffer from a major mood disorder, whether it is Unipolar Depressive, Bipolar Depression, or Symptoms of Mania, must either have a loss of interest or pleasure or a depressive mood in amongst daily behaviors that consistent up to two weeks in duration and even years. The criteria’s for the mood must correspond to a change within a person's typical mood; educational activities, occupation, social, or other significant functions that are being negatively weakened by the change of mood. Depression is related to the person’s normal feelings of bereavement or grief in nature (i.e., after the loss of a loved one). Many depressive moods can be caused by substance abuse, such as: medications, alcohol, drugs, or perhaps a broad medical condition that is not exhibited as being a major depressive disorder. Furthermore, if the symptoms are prolonged by the cause of bereavement and if it persists for a period longer than two months or is distinguished by noticeable impairments, such as: sinister preoccupation with a sense of worthlessness, psychotic symptoms, psychomotor retardation, or suicidal ideation, then the disorder is distinguished, or accompanied by some other majority symptoms (APA, 2003). Historical Depressive Symptoms
Historical, and more within the last 3 decades, most clinicians have observed considerable understanding in the stages, or practices, of cognitive therapy and cognitive theory in terms of how to treat depression. What was understood in former years, such as: major depression, and depression, was also known as melancholia. It is now frequently known as a major clinical depressive disorder by several healthcare experts, and with its long history, it is has similar conditions being referred to a classical times. While numerous biographers have talked about how cognitive therapy (CT) can be refined and modified as being the most present discrepancy found in a reliable structure that gives more meaning to the roles of the dysfunction, it also exhibit a logical course in its onset to depression (Carolina, Peter, Stephen, 2007) The view of stress goes back to the time of Hippocrates who had thought that the toil (ponos) and the suffering coupled with disease (pathos) was: essentially, the body fighting back to restore itself to its normal state (Girdlera & Klatzkinb, 2007). The work of an English scholar, by the name of Robert Burton (2010), was known of in the 17th century and...
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