How domestic violence affects children in the home.
PSY325: Statistics for the Behavioral & Social Sciences
March 11, 2013
The number of cases of domestic violence is staggering. When people think about the word domestic violence they only think about the people that are directly involved in the altercation. The “silent victims” in domestic violence are the kids that witness the violence and have lasting effects from it (Child Welfare Information Gateway2009). We will review some studies that go over just some of the impacts that domestic violence has on the children in the household. For the remainder of this study review when you see you will see DV in place of domestic violence. Children that have been exposed to DV can show effects from DV that may linger for years to come. The research question for this paper would be do kids that see DV at home have lasting effects that reach far beyond the walls of their homes? The research hypothesis that all children will have lasting effects where there is DV exposure at home. If there was a null hypothesis it would be that children exposed to DV would no lasting effects on the children. The thing the studies will show you after witnessing DV at home children are more likely show more aggression or violence. The kids may be socially delayed due to the DV they see at home. The reason for the delay is it can make the children more withdrawn and less likely to make friends as easy. Another thing is the DV can cause the parents to not be able to give the children the attention they need to be able to hit certain milestones on time like the rest of the kids their age. Another key effect is that the children that have been exposed to DV may develop depression which may linger for years to come. After looking at the studies it will be evident that the victims of DV are not just the adults that are being physically, mentally or worse abused but it is also the children that live in the home that have lasting effects from witnessing the DV in their homes. There are three studies that will be reviewed in this paper the first one is “Domestic Violence, Gun Ownership, and Parental Educational Attainment: How do They Affect the Aggressive Beliefs and Behaviors of Children? By Julie Sprinkle this study was done in South Carolina and set out to answer three questions; “What is the relationship of South Carolinas domestic violence rates to levels of aggression in the state’s school-aged children? What is the relationship of South Carolinas gun ownership rates to levels of aggression in the state’s school-aged children? What is the relationship of South Carolina citizen’s educational attainment to levels of aggression in the state’s school-aged children?”(Sprinkle2007). The second study by Moylan, Herrenkohl, Sousa, Tajima, Herrenkohl & Russo entitled “The Effects of Child Abuse and Exposure to Domestic Violence on Adolescent Internalizing and Externalizing Behavior Problems” is trying to see how child abuse and domestic violence affects the psychosocial outcomes in adolescence the children in the household. It also looks to see if gender of the children plays a role in effects such as depression and aggression. The third study titled “The Influence of Domestic Violence on Preschooler Behavior and Functioning.” by Ybarra, Wilkens, and Lieberman, is aimed to see the effects that DV has on kids that are at preschool age. The study was done using 62 preschoolers aged 3 to 5 years and their mothers. There was also a separate “community pool” made up of 52 children and their moms that had no exposure to DV were asked to participate in the study. The hypothesis for the study is that exposure to DV can affect the children developmentally.
The first study was done on students at four different schools in three counties in the state. Students from...
References: Child Welfare Information Gateway, 2009, Domestic Violence and the Child Welfare System https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/factsheets/domestic_violence/impact.cfm
Cooksey R., 2012 analysis of variance (ANOVA) Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GhVLqtlW_Fs
Moylan, C., Herrenkohl, T., Sousa, C., Tajima, E., Herrenkohl, R., & Russo, M. M. (2010). The Effects of Child Abuse and Exposure to Domestic Violence on Adolescent Internalizing and Externalizing Behavior Problems. Journal Of Family Violence, 25(1), 53-63. doi:10.1007/s10896-009-9269-9
Sprinkle, J. (2007). Domestic Violence, Gun Ownership, and Parental Educational Attainment: How do They Affect the Aggressive Beliefs and Behaviors of Children?. Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal, 24(2), 133-151. doi:10.1007/s10560-006-0071-8
Tanner, D. (2011). Statistics for the Behavioral & Social Sciences. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.
Ybarra, G., Wilkens, S., & Lieberman, A. (2007). The Influence of Domestic Violence on Preschooler Behavior and Functioning. Journal Of Family Violence, 22(1), 33-42. doi:10.1007/s10896-006-9054-y
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